brachial artery


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brachial artery

[′brā·kē·əl ′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
An artery which originates at the axillary artery and branches into the radial and ulnar arteries; it distributes blood to the various muscles of the arm, the shaft of the humerus, the elbow joint, the forearm, and the hand.
References in periodicals archive ?
Interrelationship between noninvasive predictors of atherosclerosis: transthoracic coronary flow reserve, flowmediated dilation, carotid intima-media thickness, aortic stiffness, aortic distensibility, elastic modulus, and brachial artery diameter.
Measuring brachial artery blood flow is a complicated technique.
Caffeine and hot water did not yield significant effects, but there was a 4% peak increase in endothelium-dependent brachial artery dilatation 30 minutes after the subjects consumed green tea.
Flow-mediated vasodilation of the brachial artery was measured using ultrasound to assess elasticity of the endothelium (blood vessel lining).
Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was measured prospectively in all patients by using high-resolution ultrasound.
A research team from Harbor-UCLA Medical Center reported a direct relationship between brachial artery elasticity, as measured by a non-invasive DynaPulse hemodynamic monitor, and coronary artery plaque burden, obtained by Electron Beam Computed Tomography (EBCT), at the American Heart Association's 2001 Scientific Sessions today in Anaheim, California.
All studies assessed endothelial function by measuring the change in brachial artery flow-mediated dilation after folic acid supplementation, compared with the change following administration of a placebo.
We have designed the Phase IIa LUV study to also evaluate vascular reactivity using brachial artery ultrasound and inflammatory markers including high sensitivity C-reactive protein, soluble VCAM and soluble ICAM and will include a vascular structure sub-study using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the aorta and carotid arteries," added Dr.
Endothelial dysfunction was identified based on impaired flow-mediated vasodilation of the brachial artery using high-resolution ultrasound.