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Brain Trust,the group of close advisers to Franklin Delano Roosevelt when he was governor of New York state and during his first years as President. The name was applied to them because the members of the group were drawn from academic life. This informal advisory group on the New Deal included Columbia Univ. professors Raymond MoleyMoley, Raymond Charles
, 1886–1975, American political economist, b. Berea, Ohio, grad. Baldwin-Wallace College, 1906, Ph.D. Columbia, 1918. He taught at Western Reserve Univ.
..... Click the link for more information. , Adolf A. BerleBerle, Adolf Augustus, Jr.
, 1895–1971, American lawyer and public official, b. Boston. Admitted to the bar in 1916, he served in World War I and was a member of the American delegation to the Paris Peace Conference.
..... Click the link for more information. , Jr., and Rexford G. TugwellTugwell, Rexford Guy,
1891–1979, American economist and political scientist, b. Chautauqua co., N.Y., grad. Wharton School, Univ. of Pennsylvania (B.S., 1915; Ph.D., 1922). He taught economics at the Univ. of Pennsylvania (1915–17), the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information. and expanded to include many more academicians. It soon disintegrated, but the term has remained in common usage for similar groups.
See study by R. G. Tugwell (1968).