brazilwood


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Related to brazilwood: pernambuco wood

brazilwood,

common name for several trees of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family) whose wood yields a red dye. The dye has largely been replaced by synthetic dyes for fabrics, but it is still used in high-quality red inks. The bright red wood, which takes a high polish, is used in cabinetwork and for making violin bows. The East Indian redwood, or sapanwood (Caesalpinia sappan), was called "bresel wood" when it was first imported to Europe in the Middle Ages; Portuguese explorers used this name for a similar South American tree (C. echinata), from which the name Brazil for its native country purportedly derives. The latter species has been severely depleted in its native range, and international trade in the raw wood is now regulated. Brazilwoods are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the image itself of brazilwood (practically missing in the collection of poems, except for a quick mention in "Capital da republica"; in fact, there is hardly any mention at all of nature or resources for exportation in Poesia Pau Brasil) would seemingly suggest oneness, with a solid single trunk that would stand strong against opposing concepts and forces of nature.
The bright red dye produced from brazilwood (Caesalpina echinata) replaced woad (Isatis tinctoria) as the primary dyestuff in the cloth industry in France and the Low Countries.
Early years were characterized by lack of royal interest other than in revenues derived from the farming out of contracts on brazilwood.
Bloodwood, satine, muirapiranga, bois satine, satine urbane, satine urbane, cardinal wood, Brazilwood, satinee, satine rouge, conduru, satinjoul, legno satino, palo de oro, siton paya.
Countering this influence in the second chapter, he identifies Brazil as the 'quintessential object' of early modern imperialist discourse and its commodities--in particular Brazilwood (or pau-brasil)--as objects onto which European power and desire were projected.
The identification was brazilwood which was being imported into Europe from Asia as early as the 13th century.
The brazilwood tree (Caesalpinia echinata) became a major commodity during the second half of the 16th century; its beautiful, dense, red wood was in great demand for lumber and as a source or dye for the European textile industry.
Back in 1500, the coast was lush with Brazilwood, so called because the color of the bark reminded the explorers of red-hot coals, or brasas.
The vegetation includes tropical rainforest with typical species such as the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa), whose nuts are one of Brazil's most important rainforest products; the brazilwood, or pau rosado (Caesalpinia echinata), a now-endangered species that was formerly used as a dye; and the black Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra), a timber tree that is in danger of extinction.
Colonial growth up to that time had been based on agriculture, hides and brazilwood (the source of a valued organic dye).
Threads used during the Medieval period would have been spun by hand and dyed by skilled craftsmen using such natural dyes as indigo, madder or Brazilwood.
In 1529, juan de Quintanaduenas and Jean de Saldaigne were associated with Thierry Tuvache of Rouen to import brazilwood.