Brethren


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Brethren,

German Baptist religious group. They were popularly known as Dunkards, Dunkers, or Tunkers, from the German for "to dip," referring to their method of baptizing. The Brethren evolved from the Pietist movement in Germany. The first congregation was organized there in 1708 by Alexander Mack. Persecution drove them to America where, under Peter Becker, they settled (1719) in Germantown, Pa. From that and other settlements in Pennsylvania they spread westward and into Canada. The Brethren oppose war and advocate temperance, the simple life, plain dress, and "obedience to Christ rather than obedience to creeds and cults." The original group, at present the largest in the United States, is the Church of the Brethren (Conservative Dunkers); the local churches are united by an annual conference that elects a general board to supervise the national church program. From the Church of the Brethren there have been separations into the Seventh-Day Baptists, German Baptists (1728; see Beissel, Johann ConradBeissel, Johann Conrad
, 1690–1768, founder of the Seventh-Day Baptist community at Ephrata, Pa. Emigrating (1720) from Germany, he settled first with the German Baptists, or Dunkards, in Germantown, Pa.
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); Church of God (New Dunkards, 1848); Old German Baptist Brethren (1881); and the Brethren Church (Progressive Dunkers, 1882). The Brethren baptize by trine immersion, the candidate being immersed once for each member of the Trinity. They practice foot washing and the love feast.

See also River BrethrenRiver Brethren,
name used to designate certain Christian bodies originating in 1770, during a revival movement among German settlers in E Pennsylvania. In the 1750s, Mennonite refugees from Switzerland had established their homes near the Susquehanna River.
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 (for Brethren in Christ, River Brethren, and Yorker Brethren); ChristadelphiansChristadelphians
[Gr.,=brothers of Christ], small religious denomination founded in the United States in 1848 by John Thomas. Its members live by the Scriptures and await the second coming of Jesus on earth, who, they believe, will establish a theocracy with its center in
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 (for Brethren of Christ); Hutterian BrethrenHutterian Brethren
, a body of Christians practicing strict communism based on religious principles. The Brethren are descendants of those Moravian Anabaptists who were followers of Jacob Hutter, a minister from the Tyrol who was burned at the stake in 1536. In the 17th cent.
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; Moravian ChurchMoravian Church,
 Renewed Church of the Brethren,
or Unitas Fratrum
, an evangelical Christian communion whose adherents are sometimes called United Brethren or Herrnhuters.
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
Grace Brethren dominated host Valley Christian of Cerritos 31-0 in an Olympic League game for its fourth victory in a row on Friday night.
Grace Brethren (4-2, 2-0) started the season with losses to 2004 Division XI finalists Oak Park and Oaks Christian of Westlake Village.
After Kevin, this denial of grace takes on a dimension of guilt in addition to the original reciprocity: the Bloodguard, even more literally than the brethren of the Light, seek to wash away their perceived sins in their own blood.
The Brethren of the Light gradually over centuries, and Brother Edward in a single night of torment, pay off their historical debts by their own efforts; though the context of their monasticism is Christian, their actual world view is a Pelagianism bound to linear time and moral proportionality.
Founded in 1998 by Scott Wong, Simon Chow and Michael Lau, Brethren Entertainment, headquartered in Lynnwood, Washington, is committed to creating high quality computer games for the Christian market as an alternative to secular games with unwholesome or undesirable content.
Like Digital Praise, Brethren Entertainment is committed to producing quality Christian-themed products with the highest possible production values," said Tom Bean, president and CEO of Digital Praise, Inc.
Grace Brethren started Alpha League play 0-2 with a pair of three-game losses.
Grace Brethren (20-5, 5-2) has rebounded under new coach Peter Harabedian to win five matches in a row and finish second in the Alpha League, avenging defeats to Paraclete and L.
Gordon took over at Grace Brethren of Simi Valley three years ago and his impact has been immediate.
In the playoffs, Grace Brethren looked prepared and poised, especially during tight matches when they closed teams out with focused play down the stretch.
All I can do is my best,'' said Kackert, the Grace Brethren High running back who leads all area football players with 25 touchdowns and 1,139 yards rushing.
Grace Brethren signed a 55-year lease for the district-owned property in July 1987, officials said.