provenance) of a medieval breviary
, can be determined from its calendar, the Sanctorale, or from certain series of responsories, notably those for the Advent season and for the Office of the Dead.
Lawley, 2 vols, Surtees Society 71, 75 (London, 1880-3), I, (3)-(14); twenty-five in The Monastic Breviary
of Hyde Abbey, ed.
134) Lest humanistically educated clerics offer its poor Latin style as an excuse for not reading the divine office, Leo X asked Zaccarla Ferreri (1479-1524), a noted poet, theologian, canonist, and one of his domestic prelates, to revise the breviary
(so as to remove any false meters and barbaric Latinity) and to rewrite it in good classical fashion.
Sin speaks to the sinner in the depths of his heart," the breviary
version of Psalm 36 warns.
Maclean notes that L'Astree was "considered the breviary
of correct behaviour and manners by contemporary readers" (157).
, rosary; the Bible, everything is at hand.
Cardinal Francis Arinze, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, told NCR that he likes the revised breviary
, because it is shorter and thus allows more time for meditation instead of simple rote recitation of prayers.
To paraphrase the breviary
hymn for the apostles: "They learned to reach beyond their grasp .
Both are Cluniac and closely related to Benedictine practice: the Antiphonal/Missal (Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, manuscript 369) and the Breviary
(Bodleian Library, Oxford, University College 101).
remained open, revealing a picture of Our Lady of Mount Carmel.
I use was approved by the bishops in 1975 -- the psalms are dated and banal, many of the texts present difficulties.
His account, however, corresponds far better to a more modern, less fabulous, more particular and more "scientific" regard - it is not for nothing that Claude Levi-Strauss, as late as 1955, called the Histoire d'un voyage the "ethnologist's breviary