Brigade

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Brigade

 

(French brigade, from the Italian brigata— society, detachment), in military usage in reference to ground forces, a large unit of several battalions or of regiments and subunits of special forces. Among others, there are motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry), cavalry, tank, rocket, artillery (gun, howitzer, infantry mortar, antitank, combined), engineer (combat engineer), airborne, and marine brigades. In the navy a brigade is a large tactical unit of warships of the same class. They are differentiated as separate organic brigades.

The brigade as a troop unit originated in the Spanish Army in the second half of the 16th century. It appeared in the Russian Army in the early 18th century; originally it was only a combat unit that was sometimes formed immediately before combat. In the 19th century the two-regiment brigade became a permanent organizational unit in infantry and cavalry, becoming part of a division (two brigades each). In 1806 the first artillery brigades were formed, and in 1819 combat engineer brigades were formed. The brigade was preserved as an organizational unit in most armies. In the Red Army during the Civil War (1918-20) there were three-regiment brigades organic to rifle divisions (three brigades each).

References in classic literature ?
And, oh, it wasn't John Barleycorn's fault that he didn't get me that night of the Hancock Fire Brigade.
The advisory board] helps to better improve operations in Iraq by assisting Army components, such as brigades, in planning future operations,: said Garcia.
In the War on Terrorism, JMRC must not only train BCTs but also functional brigades before their deployments to Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom.
156, Fire Brigades, as well as NFPA 600, Standard on Industrial Fire Brigades, 2005 edition.
The signal companies had a habitual support relationship with the maneuver brigades and generally knew the brigade S6's expectations.
The Badr Brigades (the militia of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq), which are killing U.
The initial mission set found military police companies under the operational control of the 1st Cavalry Division for support to maneuver brigades and for security and escorts for embassy and Iraqi transitional government personnel.
The 4th Division saw the most action in 1917 and in May 1918 all three brigades of the 4th Division disbanded one battalion including the 13th Brigade's 52nd Battalion.
NTC trains the transformed Army by conducting force-on-force and live-fire training for ground and aviation brigades in a joint scenario across the spectrum of conflict, using a live-virtual-constructive training model, as portrayed by a highly lethal and capable Opposing Force and controlled by an expert and experienced Operations Group.
BIRMINGHAM, England, November 10 /PRNewswire/ -- There was a meeting today between the Fire Brigades Union and West Midlands Fire Service management at Fire Service Headquarters in Birmingham.
the International Brigades became, in effect, a Soviet army within Spain.
They've gathered to talk about the Bucket Brigades, a community organizing effort that's gone global, defending neighborhoods worldwide from industrial pollution.