brilliant

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brilliant

1. (of a colour) having a high saturation and reflecting a considerable amount of light; vivid
2. Music (of the tone of an instrument) having a large proportion of high harmonics above the fundamental

Brilliant

 

a diamond that has been cut to a specific form (the so-called brilliant cut), with a specific number of facets, bringing out the maximum natural brilliance of the stone. Such a cut is also applied to other stones, such as rock crystal and topaz. The form of the brilliant cut is a combination of two pyramids, one of which (the upper) is truncated. The facets of the crown and pavilion are arranged in several tiers. A triple tier is common (the so-called triple brilliant cut). In classical gem cutting, the diamond has 56 lateral facets. The facets are placed in such a way that a parallel light beam falling on the surface of the gem is subjected to total reflection within the diamond. The light thus reflected is refracted into the rays of the spectrum because of the high light dispersion in the diamond. Thus, in reflected light a brilliant sparkles with all the colors of the rainbow.

Brilliants are used in jewelry making: they are mounted in settings of precious metals, either singly (most often in rings, earrings, and cufflinks) or in groups, forming separate elements or the entire basis of the composition of a piece of jewelry (such as a brooch or tiara). Brilliants adorn certain metals and higher orders of distinction (such as the Order of Victory and the Marshal’s Star). The mass of a brilliant is measured in carats.

IU. D. AKSENTON

brilliant

A term used to describe armaments that are not only smart (i.e., capable of precision guidance) but that can be reprogrammed in air, if required. Brilliant munitions guide themselves to the target without any external guidance or inputs.

Brilliant

One of five pedagogical languages based on Markov algorithms, used in ["Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968)].

See also Diamond, Nonpareil, Pearl, Ruby.
References in classic literature ?
The door was ajar, and the light from within showed brilliantly through the opening.
All the preceding afternoon and night heavy thunderstorms had hissed down upon the meads, and washed some of the hay into the river; but this morning the sun shone out all the more brilliantly for the deluge, and the air was balmy and clear.
She had appeared there first, in Newland Archer's boyhood, as a brilliantly pretty little girl of nine or ten, of whom people said that she "ought to be painted.
A second later the wall swung in, and I was pushed within a brilliantly lighted chamber in which sat three richly trapped men.
At the point where the light shone was a sharp turn, and a little distance beyond this a brilliantly lighted chamber.
It was about three o'clock, and the sun was shining brilliantly.
Kuno Fischer was then at the height of his fame and during the winter had been lecturing brilliantly on Schopenhauer.
During balls given at the house Pierre, who did not know how to dance, had liked sitting in this room to watch the ladies who, as they passed through in their ball dresses with diamonds and pearls on their bare shoulders, looked at themselves in the brilliantly lighted mirrors which repeated their reflections several times.
He could have been whatever he turned his agile intellect and his cunning hand to; he had been a schoolmaster and a watch-maker, and I believe an amateur doctor and irregular lawyer; he talked and wrote brilliantly, and he was one of the group that nightly disposed of every manner of theoretical and practical question at the drug-store; it was quite indifferent to him which side he took; what he enjoyed was the mental exercise.
The brilliantly polished Tin Woodman marched next, at the head of the Royal Army of Oz which consisted of twenty-eight officers, from Generals down to Captains.
He was something of a dandy and kept his tin body brilliantly polished and his tin joints well oiled.
If your father was dead the story would be forgotten, you would marry brilliantly and an ugly page in the family history would be blotted out.