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name for Solanum melongena, a large-leaved woody perennial shrub (often grown as an annual herb) of the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
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 family), and also cultivated for its ovoid fruit. Native to SE Asia, the eggplant is raised in tropical and (as an annual) in warm climates as a garden vegetable and is a staple in parts of the Middle East. The fruit (a berry, like its relative the tomato) varies in size and may be black, purple, white, or striped. Eggplants are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Polemoniales, family Solanaceae.



(Solanum melongena), a perennial plant of the Solanaceae family. It has a firm stem of up to 100 cm high and more; large leaves with violet inclusions when young; and violet flowers that are either solitary or gathered in racemes. The fruit is a globular, pear-shaped, or cylindrical berry, yellow with brown stripes, white, green, or violet; it weighs from 0.4 to 1 kg. Eggplants like heat and moisture. The best temperature for their growth and development is 20–30° C, and the optimum soil moisture is 80 percent of the full moisture capacity. The plant in the wild form is found in such Southeast Asian countries as India and Burma. It is cultivated in the tropical and subtropical belts. In the USSR, eggplants are grown in open ground primarily in the south: in the Trans-caucasian republics, the south of the RSFSR and Ukrainian SSR, the Moldavian SSR, and Middle Asia. The fruits are harvested when ripe for industrial purposes. They contain dry substances, 7.1–11 percent; sugar, 2.72–4 percent; proteins, 0.6–1.4 percent; fats, 0.1–0.4 percent; and also salts of calcium, phosphorus, and iron, among others. Eggplants are a valuable vegetable for the canning industry (eggplant paste, sauteed eggplant, and other products); the fruits are fried, stewed, marinated, and prepared in other ways.

The yield of eggplant is 15–30 tons per hectare. The most widely distributed varieties include Delikates 163, Donskoi 14, Dlinnyi Fioletovyi 239, Simferopol’skii 105, and Kon-servnyi 10. In countries with subtropical and temperate climates, eggplants are grown as an annual plant by the seedling method. The seeds are planted in hotbeds or greenhouses 45–60 days before transplanting. In the ground the distance between plants within a row is 35–40 cm and the distance between rows is 70 cm. Maintenance consists of hoeing the soil, weeding, watering, feeding, and combating diseases and pests. When grown for seeds, eggplants are cultivated in the same manner as when grown for food uses. Before harvest the seed-bearing plants are carefully selected and the sick plants removed. The seed yield is 0.5–1.5 centners per hectare. Pests that attack eggplants include tarnished plant bug and mole crickets. The diseases include dry rot, phytophthora, and wilting.


Gazenbush, V. L. “Baklazhany.” In Sorta ovoshchnykh kul’tur SSSR. Edited by D. D. Brezhnev. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.



Solanum melongena. A plant of the order Polemoniales grown for its edible egg-shaped, fleshy fruit.


1. a tropical Old World solanaceous plant, Solanum melongena, widely cultivated for its egg-shaped typically dark purple fruit
2. the fruit of this plant, which is cooked and eaten as a vegetable
References in periodicals archive ?
Traders said vegetable nurseries of tomato, brinjal, chillies, cauliflower and cabbage have been destroyed across Gujarat and Maharashtra and that has led to a rise in prices in Delhi.
His remarks on Saturday came in response to a question about allegations that some NGOs based in Scandinavian countries funded the protests against Bt Brinjal.
Besides successfully overturning the attempted approval of Bt brinjal, these freedom fighters have also successfully destroyed several attempted Monsanto GM test fields.
ANANDA KUMAR: It's much-needed and the need arises from the fact that brinjal is the most common vegetable, available round the year and consumed by the poorest of poor in our country.
More good news was in store for activists and organic farming supporters everywhere, as the government finally succumbed to pressure last week and placed a moratorium on Bt brinjal.
Brinjal nursery can be attacked by white fly, Aphid, jassid, mites and other pests, experts said and advised farmers to do pest scouting daily and apply new chemistry pesticides to counter pest attack.
Investigations revealed that while two applications had been filed, no application relating to Bt brinjal patent had been filed till July 16, 2009 when he was given the award.
Farmers, NGO's and members of various organisations had unanimously condemned the move to introduce Bt Brinjal, carrying placards with slogans like "we don't need Bt Brinjal.
Moreover, Bt brinjal is being developed in India by Mahyco [Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company], he said.
Documents obtained under RTI and investigation made by M AIL T ODAY show that no patent application had been filed for brinjal discovery in October 2008 when Bansal was nominated for the award or in July 2009 when he was presented the award.
I have on my website 1000 pages that I have made public both for Bt brinjal and against Bt brinjal.
Denying that the government had already taken a decision to allow Bt brinjal, developed by Monsanto Holdings, a US-based biotechnology corporation, in the country, Ramesh said, "We have had six consultations on Bt brinjal and the seventh is being held in Bangalore on February 6 and by February 10 I should be in a position to take a final decision.