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an eating chicken 60 days old (liveweight 1.4-1.6 kg). The meat is tender and juicy, with a small quantity of fat; the dietary properties are higher than those of the adult fowl. Meat and egg-laying breeds, pure meat breeds, and specialized meat lines of these breeds are principally used for producing broilers. Most successful are hybrids obtained by crossbreeding meat lines selected for rapidity of growth, quickness of feathering, meat formation, and high fodder return. Production of broilers is most profitable on large, specialized farms.

The technological process in a broiler farm begins on the reproduction farm, where crossbreeding is conducted, and year-round production of hybrid eggs for incubation is organized. From the incubation department, the 24-hour-old chicks enter the broiler-raising department, and some enter the department of “reserve” chick raising. The broilers are raised in spacious mechanized poultry houses on a deep litter or in cages and are not let out to range. They are fed dry fodder mixes. The broilers are killed in the processing department. The production capacity of the departments is designed for continuous-operation production and for constant production throughout all seasons of the year.

The broiler industry is developed in the USA, England, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In the USSR broiler farms have been created with a productivity of 2-3 million broilers per year, for example, the Krasnyi Sovkhoz in the Crimean Oblast, the Be-rezovskoe broiler farm in Krasnoiarsk Krai, and the Zagorsk broiler farm in Moscow Oblast.


Bogdanov, M. N., and N. Sh. Iofe. Vyrashchivanie miasnykh tsypliat. Moscow, 1961.
Proizvodstvo broilerov za rubezhom. Moscow, 1962.
Tereshchenko, V. I. Ekonomika i organizatsiia proizvodstva broilerov v SShA. Kiev, 1965.
Belov, L. M., V. F. Marchik, and V. N. Tiutiunnikov. Proizvodstvo broilerov v sovkhoze “Krasnyi.” Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Due to its high concentration of Omega-3 oils the meal has been shown to produce Omega meat in broiler chickens - making it a great source of high quality feed.
The results of this experiment clearly demonstrate the economic benefits of the inclusion of kaolin (clay) in broiler chicken diets.
mounted fly screens on 20 broiler chicken houses in Denmark during the summer (June-October) of 2006 (30), when the number of Campylobacter spp.
The boycott of chicken is expected to hit chicken farms in Tamil Nadu, and will also pinch many small-sized broiler chicken farms in Kerala that have traditionally done brisk business in a meat-loving state.
In this study 500 broiler chickens of a commercial breed (Ross) were used.
Now at least 70 percent of the broiler chickens in the United States are fed arsenic-based additives, primarily a drug called roxarsone.
Aviagen is the world's leading poultry breeding company, developing pedigree lines for the production of broiler chickens under the Ross, Arbor Acres and LIR brand names.
Insulating, ventilating, and heating broiler chicken houses can be expensive, especially when fuel prices are high, according to ASABE member and study leader Joseph Purswell, an agricultural engineer at the ARS Poultry Research Unit in Mississippi State, Miss.
in broiler chickens and broiler chicken products including fresh intact broilers, whole chickens, and chicken parts in commercial processing plants, as well as frozen chicken.
FARMS looking to expand broiler chicken units should find the process a little easier after research showed the sector is responsible for fewer emissions than previously thought.
Researchers have found that soft water is more effective than hard water in removing bacteria from broiler chicken skin.
Now at 75 years old I have been a vegan most of my life so I find it 'propaganda' by the Milk Marketing Board urging the public to drink more of the 'white stuff', but disregard the suffering caused to the cow and the slaughter of the infant calf, or the Meat Marketing Board saying eat more pork, but disregard the conditions they are reared in; or eat more chicken but disregard the broiler chicken raised from two-day-old chicks to table weight in 5/6 weeks in windowless sheds (20,000 per shed).