Broiler

(redirected from broiler chickens)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Broiler

 

an eating chicken 60 days old (liveweight 1.4-1.6 kg). The meat is tender and juicy, with a small quantity of fat; the dietary properties are higher than those of the adult fowl. Meat and egg-laying breeds, pure meat breeds, and specialized meat lines of these breeds are principally used for producing broilers. Most successful are hybrids obtained by crossbreeding meat lines selected for rapidity of growth, quickness of feathering, meat formation, and high fodder return. Production of broilers is most profitable on large, specialized farms.

The technological process in a broiler farm begins on the reproduction farm, where crossbreeding is conducted, and year-round production of hybrid eggs for incubation is organized. From the incubation department, the 24-hour-old chicks enter the broiler-raising department, and some enter the department of “reserve” chick raising. The broilers are raised in spacious mechanized poultry houses on a deep litter or in cages and are not let out to range. They are fed dry fodder mixes. The broilers are killed in the processing department. The production capacity of the departments is designed for continuous-operation production and for constant production throughout all seasons of the year.

The broiler industry is developed in the USA, England, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In the USSR broiler farms have been created with a productivity of 2-3 million broilers per year, for example, the Krasnyi Sovkhoz in the Crimean Oblast, the Be-rezovskoe broiler farm in Krasnoiarsk Krai, and the Zagorsk broiler farm in Moscow Oblast.

REFERENCES

Bogdanov, M. N., and N. Sh. Iofe. Vyrashchivanie miasnykh tsypliat. Moscow, 1961.
Proizvodstvo broilerov za rubezhom. Moscow, 1962.
Tereshchenko, V. I. Ekonomika i organizatsiia proizvodstva broilerov v SShA. Kiev, 1965.
Belov, L. M., V. F. Marchik, and V. N. Tiutiunnikov. Proizvodstvo broilerov v sovkhoze “Krasnyi.” Moscow, 1966.

S. I. SMETNEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Generally broiler chicken feed a lot compared to cricket.
After hatching, control and experimental broiler chickens were transferred in two litter chicken houses, with comparable environmental conditions, corresponding to the requirements specified in the technical manual of rearing Ross 308 broiler chickens.
In addition to supplementation of growth promoters and multivitamin-mineral premix in the feed of broiler chickens, the antimicrobial agents are also used.
Companies must know the welfare of broiler chickens in each type of poultry house to evaluate the impact of each facility on AW and to define strategies for the future of commercial production.
com)-- Smart Earth Seeds is pleased to announce that Camelina meal has been approved for the first time in Canada for use in broiler chicken feed.
This study was conducted at 10 fly-screened broiler chicken houses situated on 2 one-house farms and 4 two-house farms in Jutland, Denmark.
Table 1: Effects of varying lighting treatments on the performance characteristics of broiler chickens raised from 3 to 8 weeks of age Treatments Performance Characteristics 12L:0D 6L:6D Mean body at 3 weeks 313.
6] who suggested that use of fat powder in diet increased feed conversion ratio in broiler chickens.
However, the "relative organ body weights ratio" of the chicks untreated with Livol (Herbal polysaccharides) were significantly less as compared to the previous one, which indicated that the addition of Livol (Herbal polysaccharides) to the feed had protective/stimulating effects against the stress produced by vaccination in broiler chickens.