Broiler

(redirected from broiler chickens)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Broiler

 

an eating chicken 60 days old (liveweight 1.4-1.6 kg). The meat is tender and juicy, with a small quantity of fat; the dietary properties are higher than those of the adult fowl. Meat and egg-laying breeds, pure meat breeds, and specialized meat lines of these breeds are principally used for producing broilers. Most successful are hybrids obtained by crossbreeding meat lines selected for rapidity of growth, quickness of feathering, meat formation, and high fodder return. Production of broilers is most profitable on large, specialized farms.

The technological process in a broiler farm begins on the reproduction farm, where crossbreeding is conducted, and year-round production of hybrid eggs for incubation is organized. From the incubation department, the 24-hour-old chicks enter the broiler-raising department, and some enter the department of “reserve” chick raising. The broilers are raised in spacious mechanized poultry houses on a deep litter or in cages and are not let out to range. They are fed dry fodder mixes. The broilers are killed in the processing department. The production capacity of the departments is designed for continuous-operation production and for constant production throughout all seasons of the year.

The broiler industry is developed in the USA, England, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In the USSR broiler farms have been created with a productivity of 2-3 million broilers per year, for example, the Krasnyi Sovkhoz in the Crimean Oblast, the Be-rezovskoe broiler farm in Krasnoiarsk Krai, and the Zagorsk broiler farm in Moscow Oblast.

REFERENCES

Bogdanov, M. N., and N. Sh. Iofe. Vyrashchivanie miasnykh tsypliat. Moscow, 1961.
Proizvodstvo broilerov za rubezhom. Moscow, 1962.
Tereshchenko, V. I. Ekonomika i organizatsiia proizvodstva broilerov v SShA. Kiev, 1965.
Belov, L. M., V. F. Marchik, and V. N. Tiutiunnikov. Proizvodstvo broilerov v sovkhoze “Krasnyi.” Moscow, 1966.

S. I. SMETNEV

References in periodicals archive ?
com/, designed to examine the ability of its veterinary anti-viral compound QR448(a) to prevent the transmission of Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV) from infected to non-infected 2 week old commercial broiler chickens, a consumer meat type bird.
Performance, incidence of metabolic disturbances and endocrine variables of food-restricted male broiler chickens.
Effects of dietary dihydropyridine supplementation on growth performance and lipid metabolism of broiler chickens.
Whole blood and plasma viscosity values in normal and ascites broiler chickens, Br.
The possible emergence of these phage types in broiler chickens suggests that industry should implement appropriate Salmonella Enteritidis controls for broiler chickens (17,18).
At the University of Georgia, research was conducted to determine the efficacy of EO water for eliminating populations of pathogenic and indicator bacteria from the surfaces of fertile hatching eggs and broiler chicken carcasses.
This explains why energy expenditure of broiler chickens varies when light is provided.
There are many reports that probiotics can reduce the cholesterol level of blood in broiler chickens [8,9].
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved camelina in rations for broiler chickens and with this action the FDA allows Great Plains to state that camelina has GRAS ("generally recognized as safe") status.
However, these assertions must be supported by data, particularly because broiler chickens are fed arsenicals throughout their lifespan.
coli strain prior to challenging broiler chickens with the bacteria, the scientists were able to completely protect the animals from respiratory infection.