brome grass


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brome grass,

common name for any plant of the genus Bromus, chiefly large, coarse grasses of a weedy nature; some, however, are useful as forage, and others are cultivated for decoration. Some of the better-known bromes are the smooth brome (B. inermis, sometimes called awnless, or Hungarian, brome), often cultivated for pasture or for holding banks; rescue grass (B. catharticus or B. unioloides), a forage in the Southern states; and chess, or cheat (B. secalinus), a pest of grainfields, formerly believed by some to be degenerate wheat. Many species of brome grasses develop sharp-barbed fruits at maturity that are injurious to stock (whence the name ripgut grass for some); before maturity these are often used for forage. Brome grasses are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Gramineae.
References in periodicals archive ?
These grasses include brome grass (Bromus catharticus), crab grass (Digitaria sanguinalis), hairy seed paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum), love grass, spreading love grass (E.
Interactive effects of red brome grass (Bromus rubens) density and time of establishment on the early survival and growth of blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima) seedlings were quantitatively investigated.
Red brome grass (Bromus rubens) was introduced into the western United States during the mid-nineteenth century, but did not spread into the Mojave Desert until the early twentieth century (Hunter 1991).
brome grass (Bromus inermis), Kentucky blue grass (Poa pratensis), redtop (Agrostis gigantea) yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis), and birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus).
Two of the 5 control sites in 1997 and 3 of the 5 control sites in 1998 were located in hay fields dominated by orchard grass, timothy grass, rye grass, brome grass, fescue, blue grass, red clover (Trifolium repens), and alfalfa (Medicago sativa).
ABOUT 20 MINUTES BEFORE dark I slowly stood for one last careful survey of the thick cedar grove around me and the waist-high brome grass field south of my treestand.
Sand burr, downy brome grass, squirrel-tail grass, poverty grass, mesquite, cocklebur and clover are some of the offending plants.