The 6 other herbicides (dicamba, bromoxynil
, fenozaprop, diclofop-methyl, trifluralin, and triallate) were not detected.
Application of commercial formulations of bromoxynil
(emulsion concentrate, and/or suspension concentrate) in the ecosystem may induce species shifts within the communities and could affect the structure and the function of the aquatic communities .
These [progeny] plants expressing nitrilase grow, flower and set seed normally, even when sprayed with concentrations of bromoxynil
eight-fold higher than the highest field rate normally used," report David M.
Dicamba, diclorprop, and mecoprop were detected in > 75% of the samples and bromoxynil
In a 3-year study, the scientists applied glyphosate to thick stands of thistles in the fall, followed by bromoxynil
plus MCPA in the spring.
Products: Weedar and Weedone Phenoxy brands: Credit glyphosate brands; Assert herbicides; Maestro bromoxynil
brands; Nuprid imidacloprid insectide; Champ/Champion copper fungicides; Agri-Mycin, Mycoshield and BlightBan bactericides; RiteWay.
Mean exposure to bromoxynil
, dicamba, prometryn, and quizalofop-ethyl was significantly lower for cases than for controls (p < 0.
Higher herbicide exposures: Since herbicide-resistant GE crops lead to greater herbicide use, cancer risk can also come from exposure to higher levels of herbicides like bromoxynil
(Rhone-Poulenc's Buctril) and glyphosate (Monsanto's Roundup).
The crops would be modified using genes developed by Dow AgroSciences, which provide insect resistance, and Rhone-Poulenc Agro's gene sequences, which provide tolerance to herbicides, including glyphosate, bromoxynil
These analytes included 10 neutral-extractable herbicides (acetochlor, alachlor, atrazine, cyanazine, fenoxyprop ethyl, fluazifop-p-butyl, metolachlor, metribuzin, pendimethalin, trifluralin) and four acid-extractable herbicides [2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), bromoxynil
, bentazon, dicamba].
Crops are also genetically altered to resist high doses of herbicides, from glyphosate (Roundup), to the virulent carcinogen bromoxynil
The collaboration would initially focus on modifying cotton and sugarcane with Mycogen's insect resistance gene derived from the natural insecticide, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), and Rhone-Poulenc Agro's gene sequences which provide tolerance to herbicides, including glyphosate, bromoxynil