broom

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broom,

common name for plants of two closely related and similar Old World genera, Cytisus and Genista, of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family). They are mostly twiggy leguminous shrubs with abundant yellow or white (in Cytisus, purple also) pealike blossoms. The common, or Scotch, broom (Cytisus scoparius) is naturalized in parts of North America; the tops have been much used as a diuretic. The Canary broom, or so-called genista of florists, is Cytisus canariensis, a yellow-flowered evergreen shrub. Species of the genus Genista include Genista tinctoria, called also dyer's-greenweed, which yields yellow-to-green dyes. Other plants are also called broom. Broom is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
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broom

broom

Pretty shrub 8-11 ft (3.5m) with massive amounts of yellow flowers and seed pods that turn black later in year. When they burst open to release the legume-like seeds, they make a loud cracking sound. A very hardy plant that can withstand temperatures up to -25°C! A very invasive plant overtaking hillsides. Seeds can be ground and used as coffee substitute. Used for urinary tract problems, increase urine flow and regulate heart. Do not take if you have renal (kidney) problems. Contains toxic alkaloids that depress the heart and nervous system.

broom

1. To press a layer of roofing material against bitumen which has just been applied, in order to achieve proper and complete bond between the roofing plies.
2. To brush the scratch coat of plaster with a broom to improve the mechanical adhesion of the brown coat, thus producing a broom finish.
3. To spread the head of a timber pile by impact.

broom

traditional representation of humility. [Plant Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 167]

broom

1. any of various yellow-flowered Eurasian leguminous shrubs of the genera Cytisus, Genista, and Spartium, esp C. scoparius
2. any of various similar Eurasian plants of the related genera Genista and Spartium
References in periodicals archive ?
Total counts of insects yielded a mean of 105 individuals in broomed branches and 23 individuals in nonbroomed branches.
Richness of families of insects was significantly greater in broomed branches (mean = 7.
These three families illustrate the greatest disparity (four-six times greater) in number of insects between broomed and nonbroomed branches.