bucket


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bucket

1. any of various bucket-like parts of a machine, such as the scoop on a mechanical shovel
2. a cupped blade or bucket-like compartment on the outer circumference of a water wheel, paddle wheel, etc
3. Computing a unit of storage on a direct-access device from which data can be retrieved
4. Chiefly US a turbine rotor blade

Bucket

 

(in Russian, kovsh), in mining and construction machinery, a device for gripping and removing a portion of the earth (rock, material, and so on) from the matrix and moving it to the unloading area. The bucket should cut easily into the material being worked (for this the bucket may have a cutting edge, usually with teeth), and it should be sufficiently strong and durable. In addition, it should be easily filled and emptied. The buckets are attached to chains (chain-and-bucket excavators and loaders, bucket dredges, and drags), a rotor (rotary excavators), arms (power shovels and loaders), or a bucket frame or are suspended from a bearing structure of draglines and clamshells by chains and cables. The force necessary for cutting or digging up the material being worked is imparted to the buckets through these devices. The buckets may be cast, welded, or stamped. The buckets are usually unloaded on the side of the cutting edge or by opening the bottom, less frequently by forcing the earth out with a special scraper or a movable rear wall.

The bucket capacity of a mechanical shovel ranges from 0.15 to 200 eu m; for chain bucket excavators, 0.007 to 7 cu m; for single-bucket loaders, 0.07 to 30 cu m; for multibucket loaders, 0.005 to 0.1 cu m; for scrapers, 0.75 to 60 cu m; and for dredges, 0.05 to 1 cu m. Multibucket loaders, excavators, and dredges usually have 12 to 50 buckets; rotary excavators, six to 18.

The rotor blades of a bucket hydraulic turbine may also be called buckets. Elevators and conveyers may also be equipped with monorail buckets.


Bucket

 

the working element (scoop) of a scraper unit equipped with a cableway, used in excavating, transporting, and similar operations above the ground, underground, and underwater. The bucket is moved by a winch with a block and tackle.

REFERENCES

Dombrovskii, N. G. and M. I. Gal’perin. Zemleroino-transportnye mashiny. Moscow, 1965.
See also references under EXCAVATING MACHINES.

bucket

[′bək·ət]
(botany)
(computer science)
A name usually reserved for a storage cell in which data may be accumulated.
(engineering)
A cup on the rim of a Pelton wheel against which water impinges.
A reversed curve at the toe of a spillway to deflect the water horizontally and reduce erosiveness.
A container on a lift pump or chain pump.
A container on some bulk-handling equipment, such as a bucket elevator, bucket dredge, or bucket conveyor.
A water outlet in a turbine.

bucket

An attachment for a materials-handling or excavating machine that digs or carries loose materials such as earth, gravel, stone, or concrete; may be shaped like a scoop, with provision for opening and closing for convenience in unloading.

bucket

A reserved amount of memory that holds a single item or multiple items of data. Bucket is somewhat synonymous to "buffer," although buffers are usually memory locations for incoming data records, while buckets tend to be smaller holding areas for calculations. See hash table, buffer and variable.
References in classic literature ?
Gimme the bucket -- I won't be gone only a a minute.
He found some potato peelings in a bucket in the back kitchen.
All this while the horn was not idle, for it went round so constantly, now full, now empty, like the bucket of a water-wheel, that it soon drained one of the two wine-skins that were in sight.
Then Stratius and Echephron brought her in by the horns; Aretus fetched water from the house in a ewer that had a flower pattern on it, and in his other hand he held a basket of barley meal; sturdy Thrasymedes stood by with a sharp axe, ready to strike the heifer, while Perseus held a bucket.
There goes a man to the sea-shore, with a spade and a bucket, to dig a mess of clams, which were a principal article of food with the first settlers.
But I'll niver give in as that's 'cause she's a Methodist, no more nor a white calf's white 'cause it eats out o' the same bucket wi' a black un.
Three pet sharks followed in her wake, and every day came alongside to regale themselves from the contents of the cook's bucket, which were pitched over to them.
My hundred thousand francs I look upon merely as a beginning--as a mere drop in the bucket.
said D'Artagnan, stroking his mustache, "I can't say no, and if ever the historian turns to me for information, he will be able to say he has not dipped his bucket into a dry spring.
Private Conklin sat on a turned-down bucket, and listened to a not unfamiliar tune.
It was as if some one had poured a bucket of cold water over my head.
The mother made no answer until the strapping, fourteen-year-old boy, tall and powerful for his age, had deposited his bucket of water at her side.