buckminsterfullerene


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms.
Related to buckminsterfullerene: Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes, Buckyballs

buckminsterfullerene

(bŭk'mĭnstərfo͝ol`ərēn', –fo͝ol'ərēn`) or

buckyball,

C60, hollow cage carboncarbon
[Lat.,=charcoal], nonmetallic chemical element; symbol C; at. no. 6; interval in which at. wt. ranges 12.0096–12.0116; m.p. about 3,550°C;; graphite sublimes about 3,375°C;; b.p. 4,827°C;; sp. gr. 1.8–2.1 (amorphous), 1.9–2.3 (graphite), 3.
..... Click the link for more information.
 molecule named for R. Buckminster FullerFuller, R. Buckminster
(Richard Buckminster Fuller), 1895–1983, American architect and engineer, b. Milton, Mass. Fuller devoted his life to the invention of revolutionary technological designs aimed at solving problems of modern living.
..... Click the link for more information.
 because of the resemblance of its molecular structure to his geodesic domes. Although buckminsterfullerene (C60) was originally detected in soot in 1985, isolation was first reported in 1990. The soccerball-like molecules are prepared in helium by passing about 150 amps through a carbon rod and extracting the soot with benzene; the resulting magenta solution contains C60 and C70. See fullerenefullerene,
any of a class of carbon molecules in which the carbon atoms are arranged into 12 pentagonal faces and 2 or more hexagonal faces to form a hollow sphere, cylinder, or similar figure.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See J. Baggot, Perfect Symmetry: The Accidental Discovery of Buckminsterfullerene (1996); H. Aldersey-Williams, The Most Beautiful Molecule: The Discovery of the Buckyball (1997).

buckminsterfullerene

[¦bək‚min·stər′fu̇l·ə‚rēn]
(chemistry)
C60 The most abundant and most stable of the fullerenes, containing 60 carbon atoms in a highly spherical arrangement; named in honor of R. Buckminster Fuller, a practitioner of geodesic dome architecture. Also known as buckyball.
References in periodicals archive ?
A new research by Universite Paris-Sud suggests that Buckminsterfullerene - also known as buckyballs - could be used to make us live longer.
Tsutomu Ohtsuki of Tohoku University in Sendai and his colleagues recorded a nearly 1 percent hike in the decay rate of beryllium-7 atoms that were each trapped inside a spherical shell-like, 60-carbon molecule known as a buckminsterfullerene, or buckyball.
Most exciting is a new form of carbon - the buckminsterfullerene, or "the bucky ball".
More recently, studies have been undertaken to elucidate the dynamical properties and their relation to structure of carbonaceous molecular solids such as the nearly spherical buckminsterfullerene ([C.
Each wheel was a molecule called buckminsterfullerene, which consists of 60 carbon atoms arranged in a pattern that looks like the surface of a soccer ball.
These carbon allotropes include lonsdaleite (Frondel and Marvin 1967), buckminsterfullerene (Kroto et al.
The Buckminsterfullerene, or "buckyball," launched the field of carbon nanotechnology and won its co-discoverers the 1996 Nobel Prize in chemistry.
Buckminsterfullerene, or "Bucky balls") are nanomaterials that gained attention after the first preparation of [C.
Harold Kroto, who shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of buckminsterfullerene (the molecules commonly known as buckyballs), is a chemist at Florida State University in Tallahassee.