buckyball


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buckyball,

colloquial term for buckminsterfullerenebuckminsterfullerene
or buckyball,
C60, hollow cage carbon molecule named for R. Buckminster Fuller because of the resemblance of its molecular structure to his geodesic domes.
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, a roughly spherical fullerenefullerene,
any of a class of carbon molecules in which the carbon atoms are arranged into 12 pentagonal faces and 2 or more hexagonal faces to form a hollow sphere, cylinder, or similar figure.
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 molecule consisting of 60 carboncarbon
[Lat.,=charcoal], nonmetallic chemical element; symbol C; at. no. 6; interval in which at. wt. ranges 12.0096–12.0116; m.p. about 3,550°C;; graphite sublimes about 3,375°C;; b.p. 4,827°C;; sp. gr. 1.8–2.1 (amorphous), 1.9–2.3 (graphite), 3.
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 atoms. Buckytube is a generic term for cylindrical fullerenes.

buckyball

[′bək·ē‚bȯl]
(chemistry)

Buckyball

A molecule of carbon expected to have use in a variety of applications, especially in medicine and the treatment of cancer. Buckyballs are also used as a building block for many experimental materials. Known as "Fullerines" because the 60 atoms that make up their spherical molecule resemble Buckminster Fuller's geodesic domes, Buckyballs are lighter than plastic and stronger than steel. They also conduct heat and electricity. In 1985, Buckyballs were identified by three scientists who later received a Nobel Prize for the discovery. See nanotube and nanotechnology. See also Bucky Bit.
References in periodicals archive ?
78) In December, Rolling Stone named Buckyballs "Toy of the Year" in its annual gift guide.
Carbon nanotubes are one of the more technologically promising nanostructures, although soccer ball-shaped buckyballs -- the first nanostructures to be discovered -- also have their place (see story opposite).
What do buckyballs and trapped gas have to do with asteroids and mass extinction?
With the addition of potassium or other metals to the buckyball structure, researchers have achieved superconductivity at temperatures as high as 45[degrees] K, above that at which the oxide ceramics superconduct.
The team used buckyballs as crosslinkers between amines, nitrogen-based molecules drawn from polyethyleneimine.
The buckyball, a soccer-ball shaped grouping of 60 carbon atoms, is thinner than a human hair but 100 times stronger than steel.
The buckyball was a grand new toy in the chemists' playpen, one on which they lavished untold amounts of "research," generating some 1,400 scientific papers about it and related fullerenes in the space of a few years.
Rabideau hopes to piece together a complete buckyball eventually.
Bevan French (Smithsonian Institution) says there is no way to retain helium within a buckyball for 250 million years.
A team led by Maurizio Prato of the University of Trieste decided to attach a buckyball to a molecule of nicotine.
At room temperature, strong electrical bonds hold the buckyball wheels tightly against the gold, but heating to about 200[degrees]C frees them to roll.