buckyball


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buckyball,

colloquial term for buckminsterfullerenebuckminsterfullerene
or buckyball,
C60, hollow cage carbon molecule named for R. Buckminster Fuller because of the resemblance of its molecular structure to his geodesic domes.
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, a roughly spherical fullerenefullerene,
any of a class of carbon molecules in which the carbon atoms are arranged into 12 pentagonal faces and 2 or more hexagonal faces to form a hollow sphere, cylinder, or similar figure.
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 molecule consisting of 60 carboncarbon
[Lat.,=charcoal], nonmetallic chemical element; symbol C; at. no. 6; interval in which at. wt. ranges 12.0096–12.0116; m.p. about 3,550°C;; graphite sublimes about 3,375°C;; b.p. 4,827°C;; sp. gr. 1.8–2.1 (amorphous), 1.9–2.3 (graphite), 3.
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 atoms. Buckytube is a generic term for cylindrical fullerenes.

buckyball

[′bək·ē‚bȯl]
(chemistry)

Buckyball

A molecule of carbon expected to have use in a variety of applications, especially in medicine and the treatment of cancer. Buckyballs are also used as a building block for many experimental materials. Known as "Fullerines" because the 60 atoms that make up their spherical molecule resemble Buckminster Fuller's geodesic domes, Buckyballs are lighter than plastic and stronger than steel. They also conduct heat and electricity. In 1985, Buckyballs were identified by three scientists who later received a Nobel Prize for the discovery. See nanotube and nanotechnology. See also Bucky Bit.
References in periodicals archive ?
89) All told, Buckyballs sets contained five warnings on the packaging and instructions.
While the plain and hexa buckyballs showed no damage to cells, the tris
In 1991, Japanese scientist Sumio Iijima discovered carbon nanotubes among the buckyballs, opening up a realm of new technological possibilities.
While building a buckyball is still in the distance, researchers now have an unlimited supply of bowl material to study.
In other recent work, Hrvoje Petek of the University of Pittsburgh and his collaborators found that buckyballs can also turn into superatoms in some situations.
Washington, March 5 (ANI): Engineers at Duke University, US, have found that microscopic particles of carbon known as buckyballs may be able to keep water pipes clear in the same way clot-busting drugs prevent arteries from clogging up.
Scientists have shown that soccer ball--shaped carbon molecules, commonly called buckyballs, can block allergic responses in both human cells and mice.
Lithium-bedecked buckyballs could theoretically store up to 13 percent of their mass in hydrogen, says physicist Puru Jena of Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond.
For instance, when Hughes' team increased the salt concentration to approximate that of seawater, the buckyball aggregates sank to the bottom.
Once the two-atom hydrogen molecule entered the hole, the researchers sewed up the buckyball using a series of chemical reactions.
Scientists first stumbled upon the family in 1985 with the discovery of the soccer-ball-shaped sphere known as buckminsterfullerene, or buckyball.
Tsutomu Ohtsuki of Tohoku University in Sendai and his colleagues recorded a nearly 1 percent hike in the decay rate of beryllium-7 atoms that were each trapped inside a spherical shell-like, 60-carbon molecule known as a buckminsterfullerene, or buckyball.