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an acting technique that is usually found in comedies. It is characterized by the performer’s striving to maximally emphasize the external distinctive features of the character and by extreme exaggeration. Buffoonery developed in the popular open-air theaters of mimes and minstrels-cum-clowns. It was used in the Italian commediadell’arte and penetrated into the dramaturgy of J. B. Molière, C. Goldoni, A. V. Sukhovo-Kobylin, V. V. Mayakovsky, and other writers. la. D. Shumskii, A. G. Ozhogin, and V. I. Zhivokini were masters of buffoonery in the Russian prerevolutionary theater. Soviet masters include G. M. Iaron and V. Ia. Khenkin. Buffoonery is particularly popular in the circus.