bulrush


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bulrush:

see sedgesedge,
common name for members of the Cyperaceae, a family of grasslike and rushlike herbs found in all parts of the world, especially in marshes of subarctic and temperate zones.
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Bulrush

 

(Scirpus), a genus of perennial, rarely annual, plants of the family Cyperaceae. The flowers are bisexual, in spikelets, gathered into umbrelled paniculate or capitate inflorescences. There are usually six perianth bristles; however, sometimes they are absent. There are two or three stigmas. More than 250 species are found throughout the world. In the USSR there are approximately 20 species, growing in damp places and in water. The great bulrush (Scirpus lacustris), which often makes up vast thickets, forms peat. Its stalks, measuring up to 2.5 m in height, are used to weave various articles. They are also used as material for packing, heat insulation, and construction. The stalks are eaten by muskrats and water rats. The species S. sylvaticus is fed as hay to cattle; its young shoots are a favorite food of deer. The species S. gracilis (native to India) and S. prolifer (native to Africa and Australia) are cultivated as ornamentals. The genera Holoschoenus and Dichostylis, which are distributed in the moderately warm regions of Eurasia, are sometimes considered as the genus Scirpus. Plants of the genus Phragmites of the family Gramineae are often incorrectly called bulrush.

T. V. EGOROVA

bulrush

1. a grasslike cyperaceous marsh plant, Scirpus lacustris, used for making mats, chair seats, etc.
2. a popular name for reed mace (sense 1): the name derived from Alma-Tadema's painting of the finding of the infant Moses in the "bulrushes" — actually reed mace
3. a biblical word for papyrus (the plant)
References in periodicals archive ?
We can see, therefore, that bulrush is a species that recovers quickly over a short period (approximately 5 months) after fires.
1993) by dividing each habitat proportion (a) by the proportion of alkali bulrush, the most dominant habitat type (b).
While this accumulation ratio for the Hg in Typha latifolia is lower than the Phragmites australis and Bulrush (Scirpus) varieties, which had no significant difference in their accumulation ratios (Table 4).
Our observations of populations of Hall's bulrush on 23-24 September 2009 were similar to those recorded by other researchers following years of above average precipitation.
9 million to help study ways to evict nutria from coastal marshes and restore the damaged bulrush mats.
Barney, the native, however soon set me right by taking up the root of a large reed or bulrush which grew in a dry lagoon hard by, and by shewing me how the natives extracted from the rhizoma a quantity of gluten.
Bulrush pipeline originates down-stream of Balmorhea Station and is designed to transport up to 65,000 MCFD of associated natural gas.
Hurricane Irma (September 2017) spared the lake the kind of whiplash attributable to hurricanes Jeanne and Frances in 2004, leaving intact the bulrush, eelgrass, peppergrass and other vital plants that support the food web.
ENTERTAINMENT John Craven (left) harvests bulrush, Matt Baker finds the best cuts of meat for a barbecue and Naomi Wilkinson punts along the river Cam in Cambridge in this special seasonal edition.
A band of vegetation made up of maidencane, cypress, spatterdock, and bulrush grows along the shoreline.
In moderate storm events (3-5 year storms) the swales, which are severely choked by bulrush, back up with storm runoff and flood over Hollister Avenue.