bunion


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Related to bunion: Tailor's bunion

bunion,

swelling or thickening around the first joint of the big toe. The toe is forced inward and compresses the other toes. The fluid-filled sac, or bursabursa
, closed fibrous sac lined with a smooth membrane, producing a viscous lubricant known as synovial fluid. Bursas are found in regions where muscles or tendons rub against other muscles, tendons, or bones.
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, in the toe joint becomes inflamed (a condition called bursitis), which may lead to pain, deformity, and an inability to wear ordinary shoes. Bunions may arise from years of wearing ill-fitting shoes. However, congenital bone deformities are usually indicated when they occur on both feet. Proper foot care, especially in selecting shoes, is the most important aspect of treatment and prevention. The toes can often be straightened by pads or splints, and orthopedic shoes are generally prescribed. Serious cases may require surgery.

bunion

[′bən·yən]
(medicine)
A swelling of a bursa of the foot, especially of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe; associated with thickening of the adjacent skin and a forcing of the great toe into adduction.

bunion

swelling of the first joint of the big toe, which is displaced to one side. An inflamed bursa forms over the joint
References in periodicals archive ?
Common conditions that cause foot pain include bunions and plantar fasciitis," notes John J.
Recovering from bunion surgery can take several weeks to several months, depending on the amount of affected bone and tissue.
While pain will keep many people out of high heels, even if the bunion doesn't hurt, it's best to avoid wearing high heels and shoes with pointed toes, because that can only worsen the problem.
The hope is that a feature like this will allow for more reliable integration and alignment of bones following a bunion procedure, added Dr Parekh.
While bunions can be genetic, they are very often also caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes that put a strain on the bones and muscles in your feet.
A pad over the bunion and a device to help straighten the toe can also help.
Shoes that are too tight or pointy squeeze the toes, make bunions worse and may rub against the protruding skin causing irritation, discomfort and sometimes sores.
Participants: Subjects were eligible for inclusion if they had a painful bunion with the hallux valgus angle 35 degrees or less and the intermetatarsal angle of 15 degrees or less.
I'd be willing to bet that it was an impressively large bunion," I said.
A bunion was defined as a big toe angled at least 15 degrees toward the first metatarsal.