bunion

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bunion,

swelling or thickening around the first joint of the big toe. The toe is forced inward and compresses the other toes. The fluid-filled sac, or bursabursa
, closed fibrous sac lined with a smooth membrane, producing a viscous lubricant known as synovial fluid. Bursas are found in regions where muscles or tendons rub against other muscles, tendons, or bones.
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, in the toe joint becomes inflamed (a condition called bursitis), which may lead to pain, deformity, and an inability to wear ordinary shoes. Bunions may arise from years of wearing ill-fitting shoes. However, congenital bone deformities are usually indicated when they occur on both feet. Proper foot care, especially in selecting shoes, is the most important aspect of treatment and prevention. The toes can often be straightened by pads or splints, and orthopedic shoes are generally prescribed. Serious cases may require surgery.

bunion

[′bən·yən]
(medicine)
A swelling of a bursa of the foot, especially of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe; associated with thickening of the adjacent skin and a forcing of the great toe into adduction.

bunion

swelling of the first joint of the big toe, which is displaced to one side. An inflamed bursa forms over the joint
References in periodicals archive ?
Wearing tight, narrow shoes and high heels can make bunions worse.
A A bunion occurs when the big toe leans inward toward the second toe rather than point straight ahead.
Corn pads, toe spacers (like those used in pedicures), and applying ice to a bunion can relieve swelling, as can NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen.
The hope is that a feature like this will allow for more reliable integration and alignment of bones following a bunion procedure, added Dr Parekh.
Certain conditions can also increase the likelihood of developing bunions, including rheumatoid arthritis and neuromuscular conditions like cerebral palsy.
A bunion is a visible bump on the joint at the base of the big toe, causing it to bend toward the other toes rather than point straight ahead.
In fact, bunions affect 23 percent of individuals 18 to 65 years of age and 36 percent of those over 65 years, according to a study by Nix et al.
The bunion the doctors removed was indeed of ample proportions.
Bunions were inherited in 89% of adults younger than 60 years, according to genetic data from more than 2,000 adults.
There's no doubt about it, bunions are pretty ugly - and I speak as someone who has, I suspect, the start of one.
WITH her aching bunions and her hair scraped into a scrunchy, the strain of being a style icon is starting to tell on Mrs Beckham?