bunion

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bunion,

swelling or thickening around the first joint of the big toe. The toe is forced inward and compresses the other toes. The fluid-filled sac, or bursabursa
, closed fibrous sac lined with a smooth membrane, producing a viscous lubricant known as synovial fluid. Bursas are found in regions where muscles or tendons rub against other muscles, tendons, or bones.
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, in the toe joint becomes inflamed (a condition called bursitis), which may lead to pain, deformity, and an inability to wear ordinary shoes. Bunions may arise from years of wearing ill-fitting shoes. However, congenital bone deformities are usually indicated when they occur on both feet. Proper foot care, especially in selecting shoes, is the most important aspect of treatment and prevention. The toes can often be straightened by pads or splints, and orthopedic shoes are generally prescribed. Serious cases may require surgery.

bunion

[′bən·yən]
(medicine)
A swelling of a bursa of the foot, especially of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe; associated with thickening of the adjacent skin and a forcing of the great toe into adduction.

bunion

swelling of the first joint of the big toe, which is displaced to one side. An inflamed bursa forms over the joint
References in periodicals archive ?
Certain conditions can also increase the likelihood of developing bunions, including rheumatoid arthritis and neuromuscular conditions like cerebral palsy.
The Speed Triad, in combination with the Speed Arc(TM), is part of the most comprehensive Nitinol Fixation System to successfully address the problem of bunion fixation," said Keith M.
Results show the prevalence of bunions, lesser toe deformities and plantar soft tissue atrophy was 31 percent, 30 percent and 28 percent, respectively.
Did you know," I asked, feeling that the subject of Mr Speaking's bunion had not been exhausted, "that 'bunion' is the only word in English apart from 'grunion' that rhymes with 'onion'?
Recent research by the society has revealed that 15% of women suffer from bunions and they are most often caused by a defective mechanical structure of the foot, which is genetic.
But our bunions are badges of honour for women everywhere.
After all those years in towering heels, Vicky's little tootsies are said to be a bit battered, with some "friends" claiming that the mother-of-three is now suffering so much pain from these bunions that she has to put ice on her feet and do daily exercises.
It's the same with the figures in the paintings: Part everyday sufferers, whether from bunions or blasted hopes, these characters are also powerful unearthly presences.
Those Aching Feet: Your Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Foot Problems is a simple guide for lay people concerning how to prevent, identify, and take care of ailments ranging from ingrown nails to warts, callouses, bunions, flat feet, and even diabetes-related difficulties.
Runners' feet are never pretty, but some problems can go far beyond aesthetics, namely bunions.
Although bunions seem to run in families, they are mainly caused by shoes that are too tight in the toes.