burgomaster

(redirected from burgomasters)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to burgomasters: Burgermeister, Burmistrz

burgomaster

1. the chief magistrate of a town in Austria, Belgium, Germany, or the Netherlands; mayor
2. a popular name for the glaucous gull

Burgomaster

 

(German, Bürgermeister). (1) The highest official in municipal organs of state government in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and in local organs of administration of some capitalist countries (the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Austria). In the GDR the burgomaster is elected by town meetings of deputies and is head of the executive body of the town meeting, the council. In capitalist countries the burgomaster plays a leading role in local administrative bodies; he is the representative of the central government, appoints and removes municipal employees, and is in charge of drawing up and carrying out the budget. Burgomasters are either elected by the municipal councils (for example, in most of the provinces of the Federal Republic of Germany), directly by the people (in the provinces of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg in the Federal Republic of Germany), or appointed by the government (as in the Netherlands). In the provinces of Lower Saxony and Northern Westphalia (FRG), the burgomaster functions chiefly as a representative of the government, and local administration is concentrated in the hands of special officials, known as community directors, who are appointed by the community councils.

(2) In Russia a burgomaster is known as a burmistr.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the fourteenth century, Amsterdam's burgomasters started to issue keuren (decrees), for instance.
During the night of May 10-11, 1535, around forty Anabaptists managed to occupy Amsterdam's city hall, killing several burghers, members of the militia, and a burgomaster.
In 1538, for example, when a burgomaster was insulted, the secretary of Amsterdam went to Brussels to deliver the documents regarding the trial, but he was sent with clear instructions to argue that this case was in the hands of Amsterdam's local court.
Everywhere, bureaucrats had taken control from people who did the real work: doctors and nurses, schoolteachers, police officers patrolling the streets, burgomasters talking and listening to their constituents.
On his list of proscriptions were a burgomaster and a sheriff who had questioned his rights and were promptly beheaded in the market-place.
In spite of Maximilian's refusal to withdraw the charges against Moreel, he was elected Burgomaster in 1483.
There were four ministers, two burgomaster-elders, and still two burgomasters present on behalf of the town council of Kampen.
GAK, OA 2275: Minutes of the epistles of burgomasters, magistrates and council of Kampen, concerning the illicit meetings of the Remonstrants, 1618-1620.
The chairman and the secretary of the consistory also will approach the burgomasters about this matter.