Bursa

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Bursa

(bo͝orsä`), city (1990 pop. 838,323), capital of Bursa prov., NW Turkey. The market center of a rich agricultural region, on the ancient Silk Road S of Constantinople, Bursa was long noted for its silks, but is now a producer of automobiles, other textiles and apparel, and metals. Founded at the end of the 3d cent. B.C. by the king of Bithynia, Prusias I, it was called Prusia ad Olympium or Prusa. It was captured by the Seljuk Turks in 1075, taken by the Crusaders in 1096, and in 1204 passed to the Byzantines. Captured in 1326 by the Ottoman Turks, it became the Ottoman capital. It was sacked by Timur in 1402; afterward Adrianople (now EdirneEdirne
, formerly Adrianople
, city (1990 pop. 102,325), capital of Edirne prov., NW Turkey, in Thrace. It is the commercial center for a farm region where grains, fruits, and tobacco are grown and cattle and sheep are raised. The city was founded (c.A.D.
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) became (1413) the new Ottoman capital. Among the city's sites, the Green Mosque (1421) and mosque of Beyazid I (1399) are especially noted. The town is sometimes called Brusa.

bursa

(bûr`sə), closed fibrous sac lined with a smooth membrane, producing a viscous lubricant known as synovial fluid. Bursas are found in regions where muscles or tendons rub against other muscles, tendons, or bones. The bursas function in two ways, lubricating points of friction, and dissipating force by distributing it through a fluid medium. Normally, the bursas produce just enough synovial fluid to reduce friction. However, constant irritation may lead to oversecretion and consequent enlargement of the bursa, a condition known as bursitisbursitis
, acute or chronic inflammation of a bursa, or fluid sac, located close to a joint. In response to irritation or injury the bursa may become inflamed, causing pain, restricting motion, and producing more fluid than can be absorbed readily.
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. In the hand and foot, the bursa assumes a tubular form. Called the synovial sheath, the structure encloses the tendons along their entire length.

Bursa

 

a city in northwestern Turkey; administrative center of Bursa Vilayet. Population, 212,500 (1965). Located in the foothills of the Ulu Dag ridge. Highway junction. There is trade in silk, merino wool, and cereals. Industry includes silk, wool, woodworking, fruit and vegetable canning, and building materials. There are mineral springs in the vicinity.

Bursa was founded in the early second century B.C. by the King of Bithynia, Prusias II, under the name Prusa. It became part of the Roman Empire and later of Byzantium. In 1326, after a ten-year seige, it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and became the first capital of the Ottoman state. It retained its importance as one of the main cities of Turkey after the capital was transferred to Edirne (1365, by other data 1402) and later Istanbul (1453).

The present-day regular layout of the city took shape during the second half of the 19th century, coming to include the old center of Bursa with its stone two-story houses and its parks, gardens, and architectural monuments—the mosques of Orhan (1304-1417), Ulu Cami (the Great Mosque, 1396-1400), Murad II (1424-27), Yesşil Cami (the Green Mosque, 1424), the Yesşil Türbe mausoleum (1420-21), and a military hospital (1394).

REFERENCES

Bei-oglu. “Brussa i ee pamiatniki.” Istoricheskii vestnik, 1909, vol. 117, no. 8.
Gordlevskii, V. A. “Rukopisnye biblioteki g. Brusy.” Dokl. AN SSSR, 1929, no. 2.
Inalcik, H. “Bursa.” In Encyclopédie de l’Islam, vol. 1. Paris-Leiden, 1960.
Gabriel, A. Une capitale turque: Broussa-Boursa, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1960.

Bursa

 

originally a dormitory for impoverished university students in the Middle Ages. One of the first in southwestern Rus’ was the bursa of the Kievo-Mogila Academy. Later, “bursa” came to mean “dormitories of religious seminaries and other schools where the students were supported by the state”; hence, bursak, meaning “a seminary student supported by the state.” The harsh regime, corporal punishment, and rough ways that characterized bursas in Russia in the early part of the 19th century were described by N. G. Pomialovskii in his Bursa Sketches.

bursa

[′bər·sə]
(anatomy)
A simple sac or cavity with smooth walls containing a clear, slightly sticky fluid and interposed between two moving surfaces of the body to reduce friction.

Bursa

a city in NW Turkey: founded in the 2nd century bc; seat of Bithynian kings. Pop.: 1 413 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
An anatomical study of the role of the long thoracic nerve and the related scapular bursae in the pathogenesis of local paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle.
In the absence of a known inoculation, infection of deep bursae are presumed to be due to haematogenous seeding or spread from an adjacent septic site such as contiguous septic arthritis.
argutula should have an ostium bursae without folds or protrusions, an accessory sac present, the appendix bursae absent, and a relatively small, oval signum.
primata, sustentado por cuatro sinapomorfias (91% "bootstrap"): 6(1) forma del brazo de la furca subtriangular; 7(1) angulo del cuerpo de la furca, 125[grados] respecto del tallo de la furca; 12(1) presencia de un grupo de espinas largas en la zona posterior de la valva; 15(1) presencia de una proyeccion triangular esclerosada en el apice del phallus; 22(1) ductus bursae subigual o un poco mas largo que ancho.
Fore wing tawny with black boarder; hind wing tawny, black boarder with one series of white spots; corpus bursae stumpy; corpus bursae balloon like with plate like cornuti (Fig.
9 The tendon is sufficiently broad to occupy most of the length of the hamulus,which is covered by its bursae.
For convenient referencing, the set of bursae from outbreak cases was referred to as "first-generation bursae" while bursae and viruses harvested from SPF white leghorns were referred to as "second-generation bursae and viruses, respectively.
Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) and pigmented villonodular synovitis belong to the same type of benign proliferative lesions originating in the synovia that usually affect the joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths.
kansasii infections, and particularly infections of the bursae, are extremely rare.
Some species of turtle have sacs called bursae on either side of the cloaca, with thin membranes that allow for gas exchange.
For this purpose Cyclophosphamide treated, Sodium Ceftiofur treated, and untreated and unvaccinated and untreated birds were used for the comparison of their bursae.
Ductus bursae (Db) en forma de campana invertida con porcion posterior de cuatro pliegues notorios, tejido fino y fuerte, area anterior o membranosa vista al estereoscopio con una serie de pliegues sinuosos poco notorios.

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