bust


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bust

1. the chest of a human being, esp a woman's bosom
2. Art a sculpture of the head, shoulders, and upper chest of a person

Bust

 

a representation, most often a portrait, of a person from head to chest, executed in three-dimensional sculpture. Busts first appeared in ancient Egypt and ancient Greece, and became a distinct portrait form in ancient Rome (where a base was added to the composition). Busts subsequently became common in the art of the Renaissance and modern times.

Portrait busts were created by such artists as F. I. Shubin and S. I. Gal’berg in Russia and by N. A. Andreev, V. I. Mukhina, and N. V. Tomskii in Soviet times. Western European art saw the creation of busts by Donatello, Desiderio da Settignano, G. L. Bernini, J. A. Houdon, A. Rodin, C. Despiau, and others.

In the USSR monumental portrait busts are commissioned for two- and three-time Heroes of the Soviet Union as pro-vided by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1939).

References in classic literature ?
It's the Napoleon bust business again," said Lestrade.
It all seems to centre round that bust of Napoleon which I bought for this very room about four months ago.
Are you coming with us to see the remains of your bust, Mr.
The spat where the fragments of the bust had been found was only a few hundred yards away.
The possession of this trifling bust was worth more, in the eyes of this strange criminal, than a human life.
But I wish to call your attention very particularly to the position of this house, in the garden of which the bust was destroyed.
Barnicot's bust was broken not far from his red lamp.
Sherlock Holmes and I walked together to the High Street, where we stopped at the shop of Harding Brothers, whence the bust had been purchased.
The cast was taken in two moulds from each side of the face, and then these two profiles of plaster of Paris were joined together to make the complete bust.
It was a bust of Napoleon, like the one which we had seen that morning, and it had been broken into similar fragments.
You wrote to me about a bust that is in my possession.
I only gave fifteen shillings for the bust, and I think you ought to know that before I take ten pounds from you.