butterfly fish

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butterfly fish,

common name for certain members of the Chaetodontidae, a family of reef-dwelling tropical fishes with compressed bodies and small mouths and teeth. Butterfly fish are carnivorous, feeding on crabs, barnacles, and other invertebrates. The fast and aggressive common butterfly fish, 5 to 8 in. (12.5–20 cm) long, is marked by dark lines through the eyes and near the tail. The angelfishesangelfish,
common name for certain members of the Pomacanthidae, a family of brightly colored reef-dwelling tropical fishes with compressed bodies and small mouths and teeth.
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 were formerly classified with the butterfly fishes but are now treated as a separate family. The butterfly fishes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Chaetodontidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prachett and Michael Berumen, a biologist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, found it hard to believe a fish would starve rather than eat a mixed diet, so they tested a particular species of butterflyfish in tanks on a range of different corals.
The jawfish and butterflyfish groups are comprised primarily (91-99%, respectively) of a single species, namely, the yellowhead, Opistognathus aurifrons, and spotfin, Chaetodon ocellatus, respectively.
The largest species group decline was reported to be the butterflyfish (-48%), while seahorses were the species group with the largest increase (184%).
A 30-minute ride from Kihei or a 1 1/2-hour trip from Lahaina, Molokini features clear water and swarms of tame milletseed butterflyfish.
PHOTO : Visions of lemon-colored butterflyfish fill diver's mask.
Re-occurrence of the threebanded butterflyfish, Chaetodon humeralis, (Chaetodontidae) with notes on its distribution in southern California.
The recorded absence of species that were knowingly present in the estuaries, such as doctorfish and foureye butterflyfish, likely led to the resulting differences in the MDS plots between estuaries.
4[degrees] to 9[degrees]C for crevalle jack (Hoff, 1971), and 10[degrees]C for spotfin butterflyfish (McBride and Able, 1998).
0820, at San Benito del Este, the easternmost of the three San Benito islands, we observed a large kelp bass, Paralabrax clathratus, and several scythe butterflyfish, at a depth of ca.
Several scythe butterflyfish were also noticed in the cave but at each end and not in close association with the kelp bass.
Chaetodon falcifer Hubbs and Rechnitzer 1958, scythe butterflyfish
Scythe butterflyfish, Chaetodon falcifer, have been known from Santa Catalina Island since 1965 (Freihofer 1966) and from La Jolla since 1970 (Kiwala and McConnaughey 1971).