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1. Philosophy the intellect regarded as a source of knowledge, as contrasted with experience
2. Logic grounds for a belief; a premise of an argument supporting that belief
3. reasons of State political justifications for an immoral act
reason the capacity of the human mind to make logical inferences, undertake rational arguments, understand the world, solve problems. What the nature, social determinants and limits of this capacity are, however, is much debated. See RATIONALISM IDEALISM, EMPIRICISM, ONTOLOGY; see also PRACTICAL REASONING.