cabildo


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cabildo

(käbēl`dō), autonomous municipal council, the lowest administrative unit in the Spanish government. The institution was especially influential in Spanish America, where it was set up in the early 16th cent. in imitation of the Castilian ayuntamiento, the name it was at first briefly called. Composed originally of elected administrative officials, usually local landowners, it was the only institution in which creoles could participate. It was presided over by the alcalde mayor, the administrator of a provincial division, who was assisted in judicial matters by alcaldes ordinarios (see alcaldealcalde
[Span., from Arab.,=the judge], Spanish official title, in existence at least from the 11th cent. Since the late 19th cent. it has been used for the mayor of a town or village who also acts as justice of the peace.
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). The cabildo exercised considerable executive, legislative, and judicial powers; it distributed lands, imposed taxes, provided for police service, and supervised trade and public facilities such as hospitals and jails. In case of emergency the council could choose a governor, lieutenant governor, or captain general. The cabildo steadily evolved in the course of the 16th and 17th cent. into an appointive, proprietary, and hereditary body of generally 4 to 12 councilors. Corruption and inefficiency became common. The degree of local autonomy at first granted by the crown was soon hedged in by the increasing centralization of power in higher authorities, such as the audienciaaudiencia
, royal court of justice in Spain and the Spanish Empire, varying greatly in its form and function but having some administrative as well as judicial capacity. Use of the term also extended to the court's jurisdictional area.
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 and viceroyalty. The cabildo regained importance during the independence movement of the early 19th cent. As the only self-perpetuating organ of local self-government with an ancient tradition of civil autonomy, it served as a convenient rallying place for voicing nationalistic ideas.
References in periodicals archive ?
on the third floor of the Cabildo, on Jackson Square, in New Orleans.
This study illustrates the relationship of the cabildo in Buenos Aires to the viceregal authority, to militias, and to the guilds, while the colony faces two British Invasions and eventually an independence movement.
Selon le president du Cabildo, il s'agit d'une mauvaise loi pour les Iles Canaries car, dit-il, elle limite de maniere inutile le developpement de l'ensemble de l'Archipel en particulier l'Ile de Grande Canarie qui necessite le plus une nouvelle impulsion du secteur.
The Cabildo colonial building, where an uprising on May 25, 1810, sparked a revolution, is constantly tagged.
The Jilanco (leader) of the Cabildo of Janta Palca and other authorities from Janta Palca and its three villages; Janta Palca, Ocuro and Acoyo to the east of the Project.
Through a variety of documents including the Lienzo of Tiltepec, Yannakakis examines a pact between the cacique (Miguel Fernandez de Chaves) and cabildo of Tiltepec to demonstrate the symbolic role of caciques in arbitrating territorial and political rights.
Today the Cabildo houses museum exhibits depicting two centuries of Louisiana history.
It cited even more ancient documentation than had the foreign minister in asserting that "185 years ago the Cabildo de Providencia freely adhered to the Constitucion de Cucuta on June 23, 1823.
To many of us, the issue of diversity has a sense of urgency," said Ben Cabildo, a board member for the Community Colleges of Spokane.
To many of us, the issue of diversity has a sense of urgency, said Ben Cabildo, a board member for the Community Colleges of Spokane.
Tambien declaro que el cabildo municipal y su alcalde merecen el premio, "Pendejos del ano.
The imagery of royalty manifests recurrently throughout the 19th-century materials Brown examines, animating three concrete domains of neo-African social life and practice of particular significance for later trends in Afro-Cuban religion: the official hierarchies of royalty within cabildo institutions, the performance practices of their festival behaviour and sacred ceremonialism, and the constellation of iconography and prestige symbolism characterizing Afro-creole community organization in colonial society.