Kim, Angela (2004), "EU Would Swap Cabotage
for Right of Establishment," Aviation Daily, 356, 3 (April 5), 2.
laws protect the domestic rivals from foreign competition, but not from each other.
Act passed into law in 2003 and became effective in May 2004.
between EU nations) could be treated as cabotage
for non-EU airlines.
The implementation of cabotage
in 2013 has resulted in an improvement in gross margin from 5.
Mokhele's keynote address will discuss the need to implement cabotage
laws that would foster a South Africa-flagged fleet and rejuvenate its maritime industry.
LCCs will have to stretch their sector length to find new markets," he said, adding that possible new markets may be Saudi Arabia's domestic operations "if Saudi Arabia liberalises and permits cabotage
[internal air traffic] EoAC" a real prospect".
The government has issued a regulation on cabotage
principle banning foreign ships from carrying domestic cargoes and government's imports.
(freight transport within a country by a haulier established in another one) will be authorised only if it follows on from an international transport operation and must be limited to no more than three operations within seven days.
The firm's Brazilian-flag subsidiary, Alianca, has strengthened its Andes cabotage
service linking Brazilian ports with Uruguay, Argentina, Peru and Chile.
Despite the passage of the new cabotage
law, which restricts domestic shipping to domestic companies--or at least domestic firms working in partnership with international operators--foreign shipping lines continue to dominate the Nigerian market.
Third, the likelihood of EU carriers making significant inroads into the American domestic market through cabotage
activities seems small given U.