calender


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calender

1
a machine in which paper or cloth is glazed or smoothed by passing between rollers

calender

2
a member of a mendicant order of dervishes in Turkey, Iran, and India

Calender

 

a press with two to 20 horizontal rollers between which material (fabric, paper, or rubber) in the form of rolls or sheets is passed to increase its density or smoothness or to apply an embossed pattern or design. Machine calenders, supercalenders, embossing calenders, and gauging calenders are used in the paper industry. The rollers of calenders (except embossing calenders) have a smooth, polished surface and are usually made of metal. The required pressure between the rollers is produced by the weight of the rollers themselves; in some instances it may be supplemented by pneumatic or hydraulic clamping devices. Calenders are also used in the textile and chemical industries.

calender

[′kal·ən·dər]
(engineering)
To pass a material between rollers or plates to thin it into sheets or to make it smooth and glossy.
The machine which performs this operation.
References in periodicals archive ?
This multi-nip calender can be viewed as an extension of on-machine heated soft nip calendering.
Campany's mini-calender is said to offer an alternative to the high capital cost of calenders while maintaining high film standards and high production.
With a wide range of products and services for the Turkish market, ANDRITZ provides full line and individual solutions for spunlace, wetlaid, needlepunch, bonding, and finishing for spunbond applications, as well as top performance textile calenders.
The gloss calender was a traditional steam-heated gloss calender.
Due to an innovative 3-roll arrangement with two separately controlled system rolls, the teXcal trike calender provides outstanding productivity and flexibility in the manufacture of sophisticated technical textiles, such as sailcloth, parachute silk, breathable outdoor clothing, sunscreens, filter materials, or protective clothing.
The PrimeCal Hard calender optimizes precalendering and final calendering of all paper and board grades.
He further stated that, Iran's petrochemical product exports starting from current calender year to its first seven months is worth over $8 billion and by the end of this year, it has planned to raise the exports to $12 billion.
Poor calender release of the rubber stock can cause significant quality problems in the factory.
In the coater line following a bank of IR and air flotation dryers is a tandem four nip hot soft-nip calender.
New materials are being used in calender components, including rolls, coatings and covers.
Also highlighted are hydraulic u-cup or v-packing seals, heating platens and mill/ calender RoHS for immediate or prompt delivery.