calf circumference

calf circumference

[¦kaf sər′kəm·frəns]
(anthropology)
An average of three measurements taken at maximum horizontal distance around the left calf as the subject stands with weight distributed evenly on both feet.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prognostic Usefulness of Arm and Calf Circumference in Patients AaAaAeAc[yen]65 Years of Age With Cardiovascul Disease.
They found that MUAC of 33 cm and a calf circumference of 39 cm may be a reliable cut-off for diagnosing obesity in pregnant women in Nigeria.
Malnutrition risk was evaluated using the MNA[R], which is an instrument composed of 18 items (A-R) (7): (A) decrease in food intake in the past three months; (B) involuntary weight loss during the last three months; (C) mobility; (D) psychological stress or acute disease in the past three months; (E) neuropsychological problems; (F) body mass index (BMI); (G) lives independently; (H) takes more than three prescription drugs per day; (I) pressure sore or skin ulcers; (J) number of full meals per day; (K) consumption markers for protein intake; (L) daily consumption of fruits and vegetables; (M) consumption of fluids per day; (N) mode of feeding; (O) self-view of nutritional status; (P) self-perception of health status; (Q) mid-arm circumference; and (R) calf circumference.
Furthermore, the blood flow was positively correlated with calf circumference.
Mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) and calf circumference were measured using a flexible meter.
5) determined that a 10 mm reduction in calf circumference resulted in a fourfold increase in the incidence of tibial stress fracture.
After six weeks, calf circumference increased significantly in the sand runners.
In a variety of disciplines and distances, no association between calf circumference and race performance was reported.
Calf circumference was measured by a measuring tape horizontally around at the level of the maximum circumference.
Newborns were subjected to the following anthropometric measurements within 48 hours of birth by standard techniques: Birth weight, Crown heel length, Head circumference, Chest circumference, Abdominal circumference, Thigh circumference, Calf circumference, Mid arm circumference, Skin fold thickness and Foot length.
Excessive pressure also may develop if calf circumference increases after initial fitting due to development of lower-extremity edema, a common occurrence after orthopedic surgery (Walker, 2012).