caliph


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caliph

, calif, kalif, khalif
Islam the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey

Caliph

 

the spiritual and secular head of the Muslim community and of the theocratic Muslim state, or caliphate. The caliphs were regarded at first as deputies of Allah’s messenger Muhammad, and later—from the time of the Umayyads—as deputies of Allah himself on this earth. Beginning with the first half of the tenth century, the title of caliph was adopted by the Fatimids and by the Umayyads in Spain, as well as by the Abbasids. After the fall of the Abbasid caliphate in the 13th century, the title was used by the heads, or sultans, of certain Muslim states (for example, the Turkish sultans) who claimed spiritual sovereignty over all the world’s Muslims. See references under .

References in periodicals archive ?
The following caliphs and their wives, especially Zubaida, completed the development of the route and provided it with all necessary amenities like water reservoirs, wells, palaces and rest houses all along the road.
In 928 Caliph al-Muqtader was confident to once again confront Ab?
54), asserting the power and authority of the caliph in the face of encroachments by the ulema.
A caliph has to have an Ardh al-Tamkeen, which he rules in accordance with Islamic law.
The first caliph of this dynasty was Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan (may Allah be pleased with him).
From its use of the traditional black color scheme on banners and attire, which was adopted during the Abbasid era, to its espousal of the tradition of bay'ah, which signifies allegiance to an individual as the caliph, ISIL appears to use the concept of a caliphate to justify some of its barbaric and violent actions.
When Muhammad died, his companions moved quickly to form a sbura or council and install Abu Bakr as the caliph.
It was the day in 680 AD that Imam Hussein, a grandson of Muhammad, was murdered in Karbala, in modern-day Iraq,  during a battle against the ruling Caliph.
FAISALABAD -- The death anniversary of third caliph of Islam, Hazrat Syedduna Usman bin Affan, al-Ghani, (May Allah be pleased with him) will be observed with religious enthusiasm and zeal here on Wednesday (September 21, 2016) i.
The Mihrab of the Prophet's Mosque where it now stands was first established at the current spot by Caliph Othman bin Affan.
A disastrous magically summoned storm has separated cursed Caliph Khalid from his latest wife and true love, Shahrzad.
Mu'awiya was the founding caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty.