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Related to caliph: Caliph Ali


, calif, kalif, khalif
Islam the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey



the spiritual and secular head of the Muslim community and of the theocratic Muslim state, or caliphate. The caliphs were regarded at first as deputies of Allah’s messenger Muhammad, and later—from the time of the Umayyads—as deputies of Allah himself on this earth. Beginning with the first half of the tenth century, the title of caliph was adopted by the Fatimids and by the Umayyads in Spain, as well as by the Abbasids. After the fall of the Abbasid caliphate in the 13th century, the title was used by the heads, or sultans, of certain Muslim states (for example, the Turkish sultans) who claimed spiritual sovereignty over all the world’s Muslims. See references under .

References in periodicals archive ?
Erdoy-an's fanatical supporters accept him not as a president but as a caliph.
The first three caliphs were leaders in the Muslim community between about 632 and 656.
Islam spread and entered through the leadership of righteous caliphs, while Al Sisi took the roles of the self-righteous caliph; he who could do no wrong, with unquestionable legitimacy and power.
Soon Baghdadi declared himself caliph, and therefore commander of all the world's Muslims.
Soon afterwards Baghdadi declared himself caliph, and therefore commander of all the world's Muslims.
Hizb ut-Tahrir is an international pan-Islamic political organisation commonly associated with the goal of all Muslim countries unifying as an Islamic state or caliphate ruled by Islamic law (sharia) and with a caliph head of state elected by Muslims.
We announce to you the good news of the expansion of the (so-called) caliphate to West Africa because the caliph - has accepted the allegiance of our brothers of the (Takfiri) group for preaching and the jihad," al-Adnani said in the message posted Thursday night.
Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad , the fifth worldwide Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, has warned of young Britons being turned into mindless mechanical extremists by preachers of hate who are poisoning minds with their mantra of intolerance and violence.
Abdourahmane Doumbouya, the Senegal-born Boston rapper who performs under the stage name Caliph, isn't one to mince words, and with his newest music video, "Break the Internet,'' he holds nothing back.
Among them, Abdul Rahim Muslim Dost and Maulvi Abdul Qahar, operating in Nuristan and Kunar provinces of Afghanistan announced their support for the selfstyled caliph Abu Bakr alBaghdadi.
Therefore, we have no alternative but to declare our pledge of allegiance to the caliph.
The Caliph was his brother Abu Ja'far alMansur (136 158- AH) after him and he built the city of Baghdad and select it as center of Caliphate.