Calmatives

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Calmatives

 

a group of drugs with various chemical compositions that exert a calming effect on the central nervous system. Calmatives include sedatives proper, which consist mostly of bromine preparations (sodium or potassium bromide) and preparations of plant origin, for example, tinctures and extracts of heliotrope, motherwort, and passionflower. Synthetic and natural calmatives are often combined, for example, in Bekhterev’s mixture.

Calmatives intensify inhibition and reduce excitability. They are used to treat irritability, insomnia, neuroses, hypertension, and other conditions. Some of the psychotropic agents introduced in the second half of the 20th century were found to have a calmative effect as well (seeTRANQUILIZERS and NEUROLEPTICS). Soporifics taken in small doses and some cardiac agents, for example, Adonis preparations, also have a calmative effect.

References in periodicals archive ?
Consider, for example, five possible nonlethal means to disable a financial institution, telecommunications facility, or media outlet that provides war sustaining aid: calmative agents; arrest and deportation; electromagnetic technologies; kinetic force; and cyber warfare.
By contrast, Beckett's imagination "si entachee de raison" (compagnie 48), drawing conclusions from the comedy of generic substitution, extracting from the particular membership in a class, is another calmative.
Their intent of using a calmative agent inside the Dubrovka theater was to incapacitate and then kill the Chechen terrorists, verified by the amount of fentanyl agent used in the raid.
Calmatives often have less than a tenfold difference between effective and lethal dosages.
And numerous documents reveal that the Pentagon has developed a range of weapons capable of delivering calmative chemicals, including specialized bullets, landmines and a mortar round developed by General Electric.
Examples of potential use environments for calmative drugs include "a group of hungry refugees who are excited over the distribution of food and unwilling to wait patiently," "a prison setting," an "agitated population," and "hostage situations.
I only know the city of my childhood', says Beckett in The Calmative (62).
Or in the story entitled The Calmative, the cyclist who crosses the landscape of the city from East to West, riding his bicycle while reading a newspaper.
JNLWP has planned computer simulations of the offensive use of calmative agents, contracted with a major US military supplier to develop an overhead-exploding chemical riot control mortar round, and field-tested new non-lethal weapons (but not biological ones) on humans in Kosovo.
If unable to sleep after 30 minutes, get out of bed and do something calmative.
This takes us chronologically from the pieces that appeared in transition in 1929, analysed with some of the 'waspishness and wit' Pilling sees as being Beckett's own characteristics when reviewing, to The Calmative (written in 1946) 'the first Beckett text to realize the Beckettian ambition [.
But, in The Calmative as in the other stories of the Novellas, the narrator's prioritization of writing self over self as character is shadowed and undermined by moments in the text when the banishment appears to be operating the other way around.