Calmatives

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Calmatives

 

a group of drugs with various chemical compositions that exert a calming effect on the central nervous system. Calmatives include sedatives proper, which consist mostly of bromine preparations (sodium or potassium bromide) and preparations of plant origin, for example, tinctures and extracts of heliotrope, motherwort, and passionflower. Synthetic and natural calmatives are often combined, for example, in Bekhterev’s mixture.

Calmatives intensify inhibition and reduce excitability. They are used to treat irritability, insomnia, neuroses, hypertension, and other conditions. Some of the psychotropic agents introduced in the second half of the 20th century were found to have a calmative effect as well (seeTRANQUILIZERS and NEUROLEPTICS). Soporifics taken in small doses and some cardiac agents, for example, Adonis preparations, also have a calmative effect.

References in periodicals archive ?
The National Academy of Sciences also recommended exploring the use of calmative agents.
The application of a calmative during the October 2002 siege of a theater in Moscow illustrates the problem.
Examples of potential use environments for calmative drugs include "a group of hungry refugees who are excited over the distribution of food and unwilling to wait patiently," "a prison setting," an "agitated population," and "hostage situations.
JNLWP has planned computer simulations of the offensive use of calmative agents, contracted with a major US military supplier to develop an overhead-exploding chemical riot control mortar round, and field-tested new non-lethal weapons (but not biological ones) on humans in Kosovo.
If unable to sleep after 30 minutes, get out of bed and do something calmative.
But, in The Calmative as in the other stories of the Novellas, the narrator's prioritization of writing self over self as character is shadowed and undermined by moments in the text when the banishment appears to be operating the other way around.
In Iranian traditional medicine; the flowers of ox-tongue are also used by people so as to abate the symptoms of sniffle and common cold, multiplier of blood pressure, calmative and diaphoretic.
The mild calmative effects are indicated for people who are prone to stress associated with physical tension, particularly muscle tension.