calumet


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Calumet

(kăl`yo͞omĕt'), industrialized region of NW Ind. and NE Ill., along the south shore of Lake Michigan. Once a great heavy industry and steel manufacturing center, the area has become largely residential. The chief cities of the region are Gary, East Chicago, and Hammond (all in Indiana).

calumet

[Fr.,=reed], name given by the French to the peace pipe used by the indigenous people of North America for smoking tobacco; it consisted of a long, feathered stem, with or without a pipe bowl. Such pipes were considered sacred, offering communion with the animate powers of the universe and embodying the honor and the source of power of Native Americans who possessed them. Every aspect of their fashioning and decoration was symbolic, and they varied from tribe to tribe. Calumets were particularly used at the conclusion of peace treaties and in ceremonies of adoption. They served as ambassadors' credentials and were passports of safe-conduct wherever recognized. To refuse to smoke the calumet when invited was considered an extreme insult. The pipes were principally used by the Dakotan (Siouan) and Algonquian peoples of the Great Plains and in the SE United States. However, pipes were used throughout most of North America, and communal smoking, wherever found, usually carried the guarantees of amity granted with food sharing. In the Middle West pipestonepipestone,
hard, dull red or mottled pink-and-white clay stone, carved by Native Americans into pipes. Called calumets (see calumet) the pipes were used extensively in ceremonials.
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 was much used in making them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Calumet said its divestiture of Anchor Drilling Fluids would strengthen the company's balance sheet and focus resources on its core specialty products business.
Calumet directly employs 185 people at its Superior refinery, as well as 80 to 120 private contractors at the same facility on a typical day.
Back in 1930, Calumet Carton started as a small, family owned manufacturer of folding cartons and rigid mailing envelopes selling to Chicago area companies.
Calumet Penreco has an extensive product offering in White Mineral Oils--from pharmaceutical to cosmetics, to plastics, to food processing grades.
A Monday-Friday class schedule for The Calumet, it was changed to Tuesday and Thursday.
Ida, a student at Calumet High School, was a member of the youngest age group.
Calumet was audited by Nadcap in 2013 and 2014 with zero findings, earning it Nadcap Merit status.
The plant will employ its own plant manager and management team, who will report to a governing board composed of representatives of WBI Energy and Calumet.
Calumet Specialty Products Partners has kicked off the sale of 6m common units.
For more than 75 years, Calumet have been supplying both professional and budding photographers with the right tools for the job.
As part of the financing, Toni Sikes, a general partner at Calumet, will join the company's board of directors.
Calumet joins premium music retailer, GUITARGUITAR in occupying the ground floor retail units of the Edgbaston building, which underwent a pounds 9 million redevelopment late last year by Calthorpe Estates.