calumet


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Calumet

(kăl`yo͞omĕt'), industrialized region of NW Ind. and NE Ill., along the south shore of Lake Michigan. Once a great heavy industry and steel manufacturing center, the area has become largely residential. The chief cities of the region are Gary, East Chicago, and Hammond (all in Indiana).

calumet

[Fr.,=reed], name given by the French to the peace pipe used by the indigenous people of North America for smoking tobacco; it consisted of a long, feathered stem, with or without a pipe bowl. Such pipes were considered sacred, offering communion with the animate powers of the universe and embodying the honor and the source of power of Native Americans who possessed them. Every aspect of their fashioning and decoration was symbolic, and they varied from tribe to tribe. Calumets were particularly used at the conclusion of peace treaties and in ceremonies of adoption. They served as ambassadors' credentials and were passports of safe-conduct wherever recognized. To refuse to smoke the calumet when invited was considered an extreme insult. The pipes were principally used by the Dakotan (Siouan) and Algonquian peoples of the Great Plains and in the SE United States. However, pipes were used throughout most of North America, and communal smoking, wherever found, usually carried the guarantees of amity granted with food sharing. In the Middle West pipestonepipestone,
hard, dull red or mottled pink-and-white clay stone, carved by Native Americans into pipes. Called calumets (see calumet) the pipes were used extensively in ceremonials.
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 was much used in making them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Through its Mexico facility, Calumet will offer a wide range of products to customers in Mexico and Latin American markets.
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Calumet was audited by Nadcap in 2013 and 2014 with zero findings, earning it Nadcap Merit status.
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The Calumet Company will also operate a division for the servicing of photo equipment, and maintain executive offices for the New York Region at 22 West 22nd Street.
Calumet City Fire Chief William Galgen called Jawan a hero.
half-sibling, Sweet Tooth, she was bred by Calumet and trained by John Veitch to win at the top level in Calumet's famous red and blue colours.
Calumet Carton's new Expand-A-Mailer[TM] envelope for oversized items serves as the industry's first "postal billboard" to showcase key images, logos, or messages directly on the envelope, while expanding up to one-inch to protect the contents from image-detracting tears, wrinkles, and crumples.
But Citation's handlers wanted one more distinction for the ace of all- powerful Calumet Farm.
Army Corps of Engineers approached me about writing a section of the dredging plan for the Grand Calumet River, I was pleased to hear that some efforts were being made to clean up this system.
In October, they registered a limited-liability company called Calumet International with the state of Minnesota.