Defamation

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Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in classic literature ?
He had only just been protesting against Luzhin's calumny and declaring that he had seen the girl last night for the first time, and suddenly she had walked in.
Spreading calumny against Israel with apartheid walls is just fine.
We believe that justice was done in the Scottish judgement and the appeal, and we believe that the Scottish judicial system is praiseworthy, despite the calumny visited upon it by Megrahi's supporters.
Perhaps Mr Howells would explain what evidence he has to support that particular calumny.
Saudi nationals shared the ambassador's response on the social media and condemned the campaign of calumny against their country.
Ages old fort DENIS Kilcommons (March 14) repeats the calumny that Castle Hill is an Iron Age hill fortress.
Whereas I am a man, and have had many lies squirming in my mouth, and have committed calumny, and far too often evaded the mad, ragged Christ, ignored his stink, his rotten teeth, his cloak of soggy newspapers, his voice of broken glass.
A spirit of inquiry must not morph into a campaign of calumny.
The final calumny was her death by asphyxiation at the local hospital, a scene we witnessed first-hand.
Most people are prone to harmful habits such as lying, quick anger, backbiting, envy, calumny, jealousy, suspicion, mockery, arrogance, selfishness, defamation, disbelief, spying, speaking ill of others behind their backs, stinginess and the like.
NNA - National News Agency Director, Laure Sleiman Sb, on Thursday said that journalism was never a political bazr or a dais for slander, calumny, and lies, but rather a pen that conveys news with objectivity, accuracy, and impartiality.