campanile


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campanile

(kămpənē`lē, Ital. kämpänē`lā), Italian form of bell tower, constructed chiefly during the Middle Ages. Built in connection with a church or a town hall, it served as a belfry and watch tower and often functioned as a civic or commemorative monument. The campanile generally stands as a detached unit. At the top is the bell platform, where the main architectural emphasis, generally a group of arched openings, is concentrated. Originating in the 6th cent., the campaniles were the earliest church towers in Europe and were generally circular in shape; examples of this type remain at Ravenna. Beginning with the 8th cent., the square plan became most common, being constructed in all parts of Italy. The Lombardy section produced the richest development of the campanile. Brick is the material most used, often combined with stone for the cornices and string courses, the latter surrounding the tower at each story level in the Roman examples. The celebrated campanile of Florence, known as Giotto's campanile (1334), is entirely faced in marble and ornamented with sculptures. Also of marble is the leaning tower at PisaPisa
, city (1991 pop. 98,928), capital of Pisa prov., Tuscany, N central Italy, on the Arno River. It is now c.6 mi (9.7 km) from the Tyrrhenian Sea, which once reached the city.
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Campanile

A bell tower detached from the main body of a church.

Campanile

 

the bell tower in medieval and Renaissance Italian architecture. The tower was four-sided or circular and, as a rule, was detached from the church. The prototype of the campanile was the city watchtower. The structure appeared well-proportioned and light as a result of an increase in the number or dimensions of the openings near the top. The lower floors, for the most part, did not have any apertures. An example of the campanile is the bell tower (known as Giotto’s Tower) of the Cathedral of Florence. The construction of this campanile was begun by Giotto in 1334 and was continued by Andrea Pisano from 1337 to 1343. It was completed by F. Talenti around 1359.

campanile

campanile
A bell tower, usually freestanding.

campanile

(esp in Italy) a bell tower, not usually attached to another building
References in periodicals archive ?
Campanile is Louvre Hotels' two-star chain, operating in nine European countries through a network of more than 380 hotels and restaurants.
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Five nights accommodation in Chalon-sur-Saone in a twin room with private facilities at the Campanile Hotel.
Witttenberg (9) se analise van die Rhodes-gedenkteken is ewe van toepassing op die Campanile, want beide monumente kan met die setlaarkultuur en kolonialisme geassosieer word: "the monument is an example of imperial culture which imposes metropolitan values and praxes over an indigenous terrain, in other words [.
The purpose-built, 130-bedroom Campanile Bradford features a 60-cover restaurant, a bar, 10 meeting rooms with total capacity for more than 300, and a car park.
Two heated timber decks indicate the places of the priest and congregation and a clock salvaged from the 1963 chapel hangs in the skeletal campanile.
The family company also runs both the Dolby and Campanile hotels on either side of the casino.
The tasting event took place earlier this month at Campanile restaurant in Los Angeles.
Mirrored after Renaissance-Venice, the highly themed resort includes waterways, gondolas and replicas of Venetian landmarks such as the Doge's Palace, the Rialto Bridge, the Ca D'Oro and the Campanile Tower.
The stylistic gestures of campanile and canopy attract attention in just the right sort of way to do their visual work efficiently, but they do seem somewhat theatrical and may date quickly.
Reiko Aylesworth and Aisha Tyler having brunch at Campanile on La Brea Boulevard.
It is the ultimate comfort food - and people love it,'' says Nancy Silverton, co-owner of Los Angeles' Campanile restaurant, founder of La Brea Bakery and author of `` Nancy Silverton's Sandwich Book: The Best Sandwiches Ever - From Thursdays Nights at Campanile'' (Knopf; $24.