campanulate


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Related to campanulate: salverform

campanulate

[kam′pan·yə·lət]
(botany)
Bell-shaped; applied particularly to the corolla.
References in periodicals archive ?
1C, 3C): Strongly campanulate (bell-shaped); impunctate, shiny, except for a rectangular velvety patch on each callus; anterior width subequal to median length and about half the width of the posterior margin; lateral margins strongly concave before widely flaring posteriorly; posterior margin weakly sinuate, nearly straight; set with scattered, whitish scalelike setae, especially anteriorly between calli, intermixed with a few semierect, pale, simple setae.
It differs from Sthenaridea by the more elongate body, the strongly campanulate pronotum with a quadrate velvety patch on each callus, the shape of the ostiolar scent gland auricle lacking a distinct knob dorsally at the end of the scent channel, and the simple S-shaped endosoma.
Florets dimorphic; marginal florets bisexual or functionally female with staminodes, corolla bilabiate to sub-bilabiate (3+1, 4+1 corolla lips), outer lip expanded; central florets bisexual, corolla actinomorphic, tubular-funnelform to slightly campanulate, deeply five-lobed; anther apical appendages apiculate, tails papillose; style bifid to bilobed, branches dorsally smooth.
Pronotum: Campanulate in males; hour-glass shaped in females; collar and posterior margin of disk weakly convex in both sexes.
horridula is small, with few inconspicuously pedicellate flowers that posses a campanulate corolla of spreading-recurved, yellow petals.
horridula, that has a campanulate corolla, but only connate at base in D.
Calyx lobes moderate sized, [+ or -] deciduous; corolla sympetalous, [+ or -] campanulate, the lobes large.
Calyx persistent; corolla persistent, sympetalous, usually tubular or campanulate, the lobes small to large.
Calycine colleters few and alternisepalous or numerous and spread across base of sepal inside (rarely absent); corolla salveriform, campanulate, or urceolate; corolla-lobe aestivation dextrorse (sinistrorse in Parameria), rarely valvate; corona, if present, mostly as small pouches in petal sinuses, sometimes lower down on corolla tube behind stamens (Apocynum with alternistaminal appendages near base of corolla tube).
The calyx lobes can be free or only minute tips on a campanulate cup; they can be equal or very asymmetric [for example, in the tribe Antirrhineae (Sutton, 1988), where there can be strong size differences between adaxial and abaxial lobes, or between the median adaxial lobe and the rest].
While the male reproductive organs of the pteridosperms have been considered the result of aggregation of fertile telomes, Schopf (1950) has presented evidence that in the medullosan Dolerotheca the male fructification is an elaborate campanulate "septangium", composed of radially arranged and paired rows of sporangia.
Airy Shaw (1965), himself, wrote that he favored placing Oncothecaceae in a position near Aquifoliaceae and listed a number of features, such as campanulate corolla and pentalacunar nodes in Oncotheca, that contradicted a placement near Theaceae.