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consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste



a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.


References in periodicals archive ?
It's still affordable and it's so much fun as a kid to go camping,'' said Miller, who has camped overnight with friends through the years.
You're handing the care of your child to others for 24 hours a day for a period of several weeks," says Eleanor Minus of African-Americans in Camping.
Founded in 1910, the American Camping Association is the only organization in the United States providing accreditation to all types of camps across the country.
The need to attract more young people to become members of the International Camping Fellowship and attend the Congresses is obvious.
This study explored the level of outdoor camping activity as part of the program for Girl Scout troops in the Raleigh-Durham area of North Carolina.
I also treasure the friendships of campers and staff--represented by the flags of sixty countries hanging in the dining hall of my former camp--as well as those friends from International Camping Congresses and ACA National Conferences.
The results of this two-part study suggested that ACA Day Camp Staff Training participation positively impacted participants by helping them to develop knowledge and skills related to day camping.
Five privately-owned camps have created a Romanian camping organization to attempt to gain recognition from the Minister of Education.
But the inaugural meeting of the Asian Camping Fellowship in July 2004, found over seventy camp leaders from Hong Kong, Malaysia, Mongolia, Japan, and Australia gathered at Nairamdal International Children's Centre to develop their vision of creating a better world for children through camping.
With this editorial, Camping Magazine begins a series of articles in the next five issues that seeks to bring the importance of environmental awareness to the fore.
We welcome Linda and thank Ed for his continuing commitment to Camping Magazine and the camp profession.
Two English-Russian and Russian-English dictionaries were created, Dictionary of Camping Words and Phrases and Environmental Science Dictionary.