camp

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camp

Informal
consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste

Camp

 

a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

cAMP

(biochemistry)
References in periodicals archive ?
The campsite was scheduled to re-open this summer, after a costly clean-up.
Late this summer, work will begin to upgrade the potable water system at Saskatchewan Landing Provincial Park, as well as electrical expansion and electrical upgrading to campsites in three of the park s campgrounds.
The applicant, in order to meet demand from both tourists re-visiting the site and for new visitors, wishes to increase the size of the campsite.
Police believe the same man has carried out all the attacks by sneaking onto campsites in the evening posing as a tourist.
THE recent burst of long-awaited sunshine has resulted in a surge of campers descending on the Vale of Glamorgan to pitch up at one of six new campsites recently launched along the Heritage Coast.
Gaynor Davies, owner of Farmers' Field Campsite, which is one of the businesses ta aking part in The Perfect Pitch: Coastal Camping scheme.
WE have pitched in with more than 160 of the best campsites across the country to bring you an unmissable holiday bargain offer - camping from just 95p per night
Benbow Lake State Recreation Area, south of Garberville, has 75 campsites, a boat ramp and a large day-use picnic area.
North Brittany, France: A 3-week holiday arriving on May 21, staying in a Monet 4* Prima mobile home on the Chateau Des Ormes campsite is only EUR1,189 for up to five persons.
Park visitors calling the 1-877-CAMP-N-LA toll-free number will, for example, be able to reserve a campsite at Lake Claiborne State Park north of I-20, a cabin at Bayou Segnette State Park across the river from New Orleans, a picnic pavilion at Sam Houston Jones State Park north of Lake Charles or a meeting room at Chicot State Park in Ville Platte.
From Treviso it was about a two-hour drive to the campsite, along a not-very attractive bit of the coastline it has to be said.
Ryanair passengers will be offered campsite holidays, with an initial choice of 500 campsites, increasing to more than 2,000 in eight European countries.