Candidate

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Candidate

 

(1) An individual contending or being considered for a governmental or public post (such as a presidential candidate or legislative candidate) or any position.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, individuals who completed with distinction studies in a university or in any equivalent higher education establishment (lyceum, academy), and presented written work on their chosen theme. The degree of kandidat was introduced in 1804; although it was abolished by the 1884 statutes, it was retained up until 1917 in Warsaw and Iur’ev (Tartu) universities, Demidov Lyceum (Iaroslavl’), and ecclesiastical academies, which were not affected by the statutes. The degree was used in combination with the name of the education establishment or branch of learning (for instance, kandidat Moskovskogo Universiteta or kandidat slovesnosti [candidate inphilology]); on entering governmental service the holder of thedegree was entitled to a rank of the tenth class (kollezhskii sekretar’ collegiate secretary). Another title was kandidat kommertsii (candidate in commerce), which was awarded to individuals who completed with distinction studies at the St. Petersburg or Kharkov commercial schools.

References in periodicals archive ?
Des diplomates et des ONG s'attendent cependant a une forte opposition aux candidatures de Teheran et Damas parmi les 193 membres de l'Assemblee generale.
KFA also affirmed in its statement its constant backing for Shaikh Salman's candidature fro AFC presidency and membership of the FIFA's Executive Council, expressing conviction that his programme to restore the AFC's credibility was the best option.
Former federal minister Shaikh Rashid Ahmad's candidature in Rawapindi was approved and the returning officer dismissed an objection that his claim to be a bachelor was incorrect.
Mamata has opposed Pranab Mukherjee's candidature for the president post, in spite of being a major ally of the UPA and has been campaigning for Kalam.
She pointed out that the city has officially submitted its candidature and added that by 2019, Sofia will have completed several culture projects that had been started, like the Central mineral bath and the necropolis under the Hagia Sophia Church.
According to an official press release issued here Wednesday, in the framework of the Council's deliberations, the Swedish EU Presidency, inter alia, will present the candidatures which came up for the seat of the European Asylum Support Office.
It is expected that they will support her candidature when she runs against the DISY's nomination, Nicos Nouris, in the final elections today at the municipal council.
A Black Country Conservatives group last night resolved to take advice "regarding the candidature of Nigel Hastilow".
CONSERVATIVES have resolved to take advice "regarding the candidature of Nigel Hastilow" over whether or not to accept his resignation.
Last week, the Revised IOC Candidature File was submitted to the IOC Executive Board.
L'appel de candidature pour les postes au Conseil de la Societe pour un mandat de trois ans est lance.
A movement to present the candidature of Montreux to organise the winter Olympic Games of 2010 is gaining strength and was recently heartened by the unexpected decision of the Swiss Olympic Association to support an eventual candidature.