candle


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

candle,

cylinder of wax or tallow containing a wick, used for illumination or for ceremonial purposes. The evidence of ancient writings is not conclusive as to the history of the candle; words translated "candle" may have meant "torch" or "lamp," and the "candlestick" was probably a stand for one of these lights. The candle probably evolved from wood, rushes, or cords dipped in fat or pitch. Candles as well as lamps were used in Roman times; by the Middle Ages candles (tallow for the poor and wax for the wealthier) were quite common in Europe. Tallow, beeswax, and vegetable wax such as bayberry in the American colonies, candleberry in the East, and waxberry in South America were supplemented by spermaceti in the late 18th cent., by stearine c.1825, and by paraffin c.1850. Twisted strands for wicks were replaced (c.1825) by the plaited wick. Candles were commonly made by repeated dipping in melted tallow, by pouring tallow or wax into molds, or by pouring beeswax over the wicks. Most modern candles are machine-made by a molding process, although candle making as an art survives in industrialized countries. In literature, art, and religion the candle has had a wide range of symbolism; it commonly represents joy, reverence for the divine, and sacrifice (since the candle spends itself).

candle,

in weights and measures, unit of luminous intensity; it is defined as 1-60 of the intensity of a blackbodyblackbody,
in physics, an ideal black substance that absorbs all and reflects none of the radiant energy falling on it. Lampblack, or powdered carbon, which reflects less than 2% of the radiation falling on it, crudely approximates an ideal blackbody; a material consisting of a
..... Click the link for more information.
, or ideal radiator, at the temperature at which platinum solidifies (2,046°K;). The candle is one of the fundamental units of the International System of UnitsInternational System of Units,
officially called the Système International d'Unités, or SI, system of units adopted by the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures (1960). It is based on the metric system.
..... Click the link for more information.
; its official name is the candela. See photometryphotometry
, branch of physics dealing with the measurement of the intensity of a source of light, such as an electric lamp, and with the intensity of light such a source may cast on a surface area.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

candle

[′kan·dəl]
(optics)

candle

i. A unit of illumination for intensity equal approximately to the luminous intensity of a 7/8-in sperm candle burning at 120 grains.
ii. The failure of a parachute to deploy because the rigging lines are fouled. Also called a cigarette or a streamer.

Candle

Part of the Scorpion environment development system.

Candle

(Candle Corporation, El Segundo, CA) A leading software company specializing in performance monitoring and systems availability tools for the mainframe environment that was acquired by IBM in 2004. It was founded in 1976 by Aubrey Chernick, who developed OMEGAMON, the first real-time performance monitor for MVS. Candle provided a wide variety of products for managing systems and applications, and in 1996, expanded into middleware.

Candles

(dreams)
They symbolize light, and where there is light, there is hope. A lit candle suggests that you are unconsciously seeking comfort and some sort of spiritual enlightenment. An unlit candle suggests that you may be feeling rejection and disappointment or can’t see anything positive or “light” in a situation or in yourself. If in your dream you watch the candle burn down to nothing, it suggests that you may have fears of getting older and dying. For men it may connote a fear about waning sexual abilities.
References in classic literature ?
The children fastened their eyes upon their bit of candle and watched it melt slowly and pitilessly away; saw the half inch of wick stand alone at last; saw the feeble flame rise and fall, climb the thin column of smoke, linger at its top a moment, and then -- the horror of utter darkness reigned!
There was a candle burning just outside, and on the matting in the gallery.
Without another word of explanation, she hurriedly lit a candle and withdrew into the bedroom to put on her bonnet and shawl.
He lighted the candle from the flaring match with great deliberation, and dropped the match, and trod it out.
Besides--the candles which they sell behave very strangely in warm weather.
In short, Senora Dona Rodriguez, if you will leave out and put aside all love messages, you may go and light your candle and come back, and we will discuss all the commands you have for me and whatever you wish, saving only, as I said, all seductive communications.
So they sat in silence till the bit of wax candle flickered low in the socket, the silence all the while becoming more irksome to Adam.
A sudden idea occurred to me, and I took the candle from the trembling hand of the butler.
Candles and lamps were being put out everywhere: she could inwardly behold the extinguisher and the extended hand.
I caught up the candle, opened the unlocked bureau, and then the empty case which I found in the very front.
A person who, because he has corns himself, always treads on other people's toes," answered the Roman Candle in a low whisper; and the Cracker nearly exploded with laughter.
On a banister post stood a tallow candle which guttered in the draft.