Canidae

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Related to canid: Canidae, maned wolf, Canine family

Canidae

[′kan·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of carnivorous mammals in the superfamily Canoidea, including dogs and their allies.

Canidae

 

a family of mammals of the order Carnivora. Canids range in length from 50 cm (small foxes) to 160 cm (wolf). The head is elongated, the muzzle is pointed, and the ears are erect. The tail is long and bushy. The forepaws have 5 toes, and the hind paws, four. The nails are blunt and nonretractile. The thick fur is usually fluffy and varies in coloration.

Canids comprise 14 (or 12) genera, embracing 29 species. They are widespread on all the continents except Antarctica. The USSR is the habitat of 5 genera, with the following eight species: the raccoon dog, wolf, jackal, arctic fox, Old World red fox, corsac fox, gray hoary fox, and Asiatic wild dog. Canids inhabit various types of terrain, living in burrows or dens. They feed primarily on animal substances, including carrion, but regularly eat plants as well. A single litter is produced per year, usually containing three or four blind offspring. (Occasionally a litter contains as many as 13 to 16 young.)

Most canids are hunted for their valuable fur (arctic fox. Old World red fox). A number of foxes, including the arctic fox, are raised in captivity (seeFUR FARMING). The greatest benefit of the mammals is that they destroy rodents that are agricultural pests. All domestic dog breeds belong to the family Canidae. Canids, especially the wolf, often kill useful mammals and birds, including domestic animals.

REFERENCES

Novikov, G. A. Khishchnye mlekopitaiushchie fauny SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1967.

I. I. SOKOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The most important food was the agricultural pest, the common vole for both canids.
Today's coyote in Western North America, which eats a variety of foods, including small mammals, birds, berries, insects, and carrion, is the smallest of the canid species, weighing 7 to 14 kg.
Our study confirmed the suspicion that sooted track stations can underestimate detection of some mammalian predators, particularly canids and felids (Heske 1995, Gompper et al.
The reasons for the above include: 1) most of the living canid genera are monotypic, 2) the monophyletic status of the polytypic genera Pseudalopex Burmeister 1856 and Vulpes Frisch 1775 have been confirmed by mtDNA and nuclear genes analyses (Geffen et al.
1987a and b), Chrysocyon brachyurus (2n = 76), that is considered the oldest South American canid, lost the autosomal pair number 28 in comparison to Speothos venaticus (2n = 74).
Characterization of Rabies virus isolated from canids and identification of the main wild canid host in Northeastern Brazil.
We classified mortalities of individuals into five categories: canid (coyote [Cam's latrans], red fox [Vulpes vulpes], gray fox [Urocyon cinereoargenteus], or domestic dog [C.
Examination of the skulls and the skeletal bones resulted in referral of the canid remains in chamber M4 to red fox (Vulpes vulpes).
The mangy mutt, aka Canid 3942 (voiced by Broderick), explains that dogs were sent to Earth many, many years ago to colonise the planet and that the dog's leader, the Greater Dane (voiced by Redgrave), intends to "recall" any canine operatives who don't come up to scratch.
The mangey mutt,aka Canid 3942 (voicedby Matthew Broderick), explains that dogs were sent to colonise the planet and that the dog's leader, theGreater Dane (voicedby Vanessa Redgrave),intends to ``recall'' any canine operatives who don't come up to scratch.