Canidae

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Related to canid: Canidae, maned wolf, Canine family

Canidae

[′kan·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of carnivorous mammals in the superfamily Canoidea, including dogs and their allies.

Canidae

 

a family of mammals of the order Carnivora. Canids range in length from 50 cm (small foxes) to 160 cm (wolf). The head is elongated, the muzzle is pointed, and the ears are erect. The tail is long and bushy. The forepaws have 5 toes, and the hind paws, four. The nails are blunt and nonretractile. The thick fur is usually fluffy and varies in coloration.

Canids comprise 14 (or 12) genera, embracing 29 species. They are widespread on all the continents except Antarctica. The USSR is the habitat of 5 genera, with the following eight species: the raccoon dog, wolf, jackal, arctic fox, Old World red fox, corsac fox, gray hoary fox, and Asiatic wild dog. Canids inhabit various types of terrain, living in burrows or dens. They feed primarily on animal substances, including carrion, but regularly eat plants as well. A single litter is produced per year, usually containing three or four blind offspring. (Occasionally a litter contains as many as 13 to 16 young.)

Most canids are hunted for their valuable fur (arctic fox. Old World red fox). A number of foxes, including the arctic fox, are raised in captivity (seeFUR FARMING). The greatest benefit of the mammals is that they destroy rodents that are agricultural pests. All domestic dog breeds belong to the family Canidae. Canids, especially the wolf, often kill useful mammals and birds, including domestic animals.

REFERENCES

Novikov, G. A. Khishchnye mlekopitaiushchie fauny SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1967.

I. I. SOKOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
By contrast, the fact that the canid was not part of the grave offerings accompanying a human but was individually buried necessarily implies that the animal took a leading role in the burial ceremony.
Behaviour of Wolves, Dogs and Related Canids, Jonathan Cape, London.
In the latter case, the dog atop the back of the uppermost bovid is not attacking, but rather symbolically dominating, the beast (for canids doing both in a single tableau, see Darnell 2011: 1166-69).
Our study confirmed the suspicion that sooted track stations can underestimate detection of some mammalian predators, particularly canids and felids (Heske 1995, Gompper et al.
Haag of the Department of Anthropology, University of Kentucky, believed that dogs descended from an unknown small mutant canid of the Pleistocene era.
The Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) is recognized as the rarest canid species in the world and as the most threatened carnivore in Africa.
WildCRU: Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, University of Oxford) Pioneered the scientific basis of practical conservation, establishing conservation biology as a science among European universities by founding WildCRU in 1986; specializes in wild carnivore research and was the founder and, for 25 years, chairman of the IUCN's Canid Specialist Group.
The presence of this large canid, the Falkland Islands wolf, has always been a puzzle, since the early 1800s," he added.
This contrasts with animal bone from the same site, of which only four per cent bore evidence of canid gnawing.