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sport of propelling a canoecanoe
, long, narrow watercraft with sharp ends originally used by most peoples. It is usually propelled by means of paddles, although sails and, more recently, outboard motors are also used.
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 through water. John MacGregor, an English barrister and founder of the Royal Canoe Club (est. 1865), is generally credited with being the initiator of modern sport canoeing. Between 1849 and 1869, MacGregor wrote a number of popular books describing his experiences on long canoe trips throughout Europe. Sport canoeing today may either involve recreational journeys or fixed-distance racing. Racing canoes are propelled by either sails or paddles. The International Challenge Cup, one of the oldest existing canoeing trophies, was originally offered by the New York Canoe Club (1885) as a perpetual challenge sailing prize. Canoe racing with paddles first became an official Olympic event at the Berlin games in 1936. The two types of Olympic canoe races are those among kayaks and Canadian canoes. The kayakkayak
, Eskimo canoe, originally made of sealskin stretched over a framework of whalebone or driftwood. It is completely covered except for the opening in which the paddler sits.
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, a buoyant arctic canoe that is completely covered except for its cockpit(s), is raced by both men and women. The Canadian, the typical North American canoe, is raced only by men. Canoes are also used as combination outdoors recreation-transportation vehicles. This type of canoeing is especially popular in the N United States. Whitewater canoeing, in which the vessel is navigated through rapids, is quite popular in many areas of the United States.


See studies by J. Malo (1969 and 1971) and R. D. Mead (1976).

References in periodicals archive ?
In a joint statement, British Canoeing and UK Sport said: "In April 2017 several allegations were brought to the attention of British Canoeing, including a number of concerns about past failings of the organisation to deal appropriately with matters that had been raised previously.
British Canoeing says there are many ways in which a family - or individuals - can take part: 1.
Go Canoeing development manager, Jenny Spencer, says: "Canoeing offers participants an extremely fun, varied and stimulating activity and we want as many people out on the water as possible.
Erickson then looks at the role of recreational canoeing in reaffirming a certain vision of the nation, by linking the "production of an ideal national subject" to the goals of the environmental movement.
By sheer chance, the pair were spotted in the water by a passing motorist who happened to be a canoeing instructor.
Flatwater canoeing is a straight race along a measured distance while slalom events see competitors go against the clock down twisty sections of the river, suffering time penalties if they strike obstacles in their path.
It is a real tragedy but thankfully it is a very rare occurrence, despite the number of people who come here for extreme canoeing.
In her early 20s Cameron-Johnson worked as a camp counsellor and canoeing instructor in a girls' summer camp in northern Vermont.
I do a lot of canoeing in the Boundary Waters, and thought one day, 'Let's see if I can make an iron canoe.
A Canoeist's Sketchbook is an anthology of canoeing essays written by a dedicated canoeist, covering topics that range from exploring the wilderness, to the joy of paddling, to practical advice for canoeing and camping in remote locations.
Programs, such as swimming, water skiing, sailing, canoeing, kayaking, wind surfing, SCUBA, and more, add dimensions to waterfront management that make supervision challenging.
Tresnak had spent the majority of his life in Czechoslovakia as a professional athlete, earning a name for himself as an all-around waterman and a member of the country's whitewater canoeing tea.