cantharides


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cantharides:

see blister beetleblister beetle,
common name for certain soft-bodied, usually black or brown, mostly elongate and cylindrical beetles belonging to the family Meloidae. Blister beetles are common insects found feeding on the flowers and foliage of various plants. Occasionally some, e.g.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Spanish Fly or cantharides, if taken internally, cause excruciating irritation to the intestine and urinary tract.
In the case of Charles II, who suffered a stroke on February 1st, 1685, his physicians bled him, purged him, shaved his head and applied blister-raising cantharides plasters to his scalp, pressed red-hot irons upon his skin, administered enemas of rock salt and syrup of buckthorn and orange infusion of metals in white wine.
Among his surviving holograph manuscripts is an essay on the relative efficacy of different aphrodisiacs: viper wine is "powerfull," cantharides (better known today as Spanish fly) "mighteleye provokes, butt is dangerous," and foods such as lamb's testicles, sparrow's brains, "All younge meates," chestnuts, and melons are effective provokers of lust.