capability


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Related to capability: Negative capability

capability

[‚kāp·ə′bil·ə·dē]
(computer science)
A permission that is given to a user of a computing system in advance to access a particular object in the system in a particular way, and that the user can later present to a reference monitor as a prevalidated ticket to gain access.

capability

(operating system, security)
An operating system security or access control model where specific types of access to a specific object are granted by giving a process this data structure or token.

The token may be unforgeable (typically by using encryption or hardware "tagged" memory). Capabilities are used in OSes such as Hydra, KeyKOS, EROS, Chorus/Mix, and the Stanford V system. Similar to Kerberos, but in an OS context.

Compare access control list.

capability

In information security, an indicator (token, semaphore, etc.) that authorizes an access mode to an object such as a file or a device for a specific user or process. See also privilege.
References in periodicals archive ?
But this was in fact that capability that we used to respond to Katrina.
AIS, a commercial VHF Line-Of-Site transceiver, connects vessels and shore sites that purchase the capability.
In addition, it offers the capability to disrupt explosive devices and perform forensic examination of explosives in postblast situations.
The PCI Express SIG is looking at shared PCI Express, which offers remote I/O capability and the enhancement to allow two hosts to truly share a single I/O resource.
A company can use domestic contractors to provide a capability.
A process capability study determines whether a manufacturing operation is capable of producing parts within a specified tolerance range.
These order-of-magnitude improvements in capability were enabled by information technology pushed through Cyberspace.
Capability milestones, introduced at CSTC-A in July 2005, aid PMs further by expressing, from a holistic perspective, the incremental improvements in capability that activities and expenditures will provide at specific points in time.
There is a demonstrated capability by our operations, particularly in Pakistan, to leverage commercial capabilities in a responsive support with a minimal military footprint.
It bears reemphasizing: our military forces, both forward deployed and based at home, are only part of our military capability.
This capability becomes even more compelling if it applies across all forms of information--structured (e.

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