capability

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capability

[‚kāp·ə′bil·ə·dē]
(computer science)
A permission that is given to a user of a computing system in advance to access a particular object in the system in a particular way, and that the user can later present to a reference monitor as a prevalidated ticket to gain access.

capability

(operating system, security)
An operating system security or access control model where specific types of access to a specific object are granted by giving a process this data structure or token.

The token may be unforgeable (typically by using encryption or hardware "tagged" memory). Capabilities are used in OSes such as Hydra, KeyKOS, EROS, Chorus/Mix, and the Stanford V system. Similar to Kerberos, but in an OS context.

Compare access control list.

capability

In information security, an indicator (token, semaphore, etc.) that authorizes an access mode to an object such as a file or a device for a specific user or process. See also privilege.
References in periodicals archive ?
The goal is to create a launch system capable of putting a 1,000-pound satellite into orbit within 24 hours of getting an order and to do it for a cost under $5 million.
28) Similar to other types of victimization, the prevalence of stalking on college campuses often relates to the stable presence of suitable targets and the lack of capable guardians.
The T750 is available in normal and double pre-load configurations and is capable of shearing five cuts per minute at 24-inch cuts.
In addition, ships already deployed in the Indian Ocean at the beginning of the crisis included survey ship Bougainville (L 9077), normally embarking two SA 321G Super Frelon helos; three frigates, each capable of operating a Panther; and two replenishment ships, each capable of operating one SA 310B Alouette III or Lynx Mk 4 helo.
A mixture of 1 and 2Gbps capable directors or switches may be attached to the 2Gbps 6000 Series Director and operate at either 2Gbps or 1Gbps as required.
This one- or two-person fighter is especially durable and can take a beating, capable of recovering quickly from hits by surface-to-air missiles.
As previously stated, the USMTM mission is to "advise and assist the Saudi Arabian Armed Forces through coordinated security cooperation efforts in developing, training, and sustaining capable deterrent and self-defense forces for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in order to facilitate regional security.
introduced the HyperKTX-MX Series of corotating machines, which are capable of up to 1500 rpm and have about 50% higher torque capacity than the standard HyperKTX-XHT Series.
If applied to tire components, SFRR is capable of reinforcing the tire stiffness in the desired direction only, and the use of SFRR makes it possible to reduce the tire weight by changing tire, gauges, etc.
A consulting physician, who is qualified by specialty or experience, must confirm the diagnosis and determine that the patient is capable and acting voluntarily.
As they "build up," to ensure that the current inventory of 300 truck-borne SS-25s reaches the treaty's limit of 1,100 mobile ICBM warheads, the Russians will destroy older, paid-for missiles equally capable of vaporizing U.
microelectronic circuits and their fabrication: Warsaw Pact is considered lagging; NATO and Israel are reported capable of making some contributions; and Japan is judged significantly ahead in some niches of technology

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