Capitulation

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Capitulation

 

(1) The cessation of resistance by ground, air, and naval forces or part of them in theaters or other regions of military operations, fortresses, or fortified regions and inhabited localities or at sea or on naval bases and elsewhere upon conditions presented by the victor or agreed upon in negotiations between the commanders. Capitulation is, as a rule, accompanied by the surrender of all armament, military ships and aircraft, fortresses, fortified areas, and materiel to the enemy, while personnel become prisoners of the victor.

(2) In international law, the cessation of armed struggle and the surrender of the armed forces of a belligerent state. Capitulation, as a rule, involves the imposition of political, economic, military, and other obligations on the state that has capitulated.

An unconditional capitulation is usually signed if the armed forces have been completely routed and includes recognition of this fact by the defeated state and the surrender of all armed forces. The victorious state may temporarily assume supreme power and establish an occupation regime in the defeated state.

After the unconditional capitulation of Hitlerite Germany and Japan at the end of World War II (1939–5) the Allies, in accordance with special agreements such as the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945, carried out measures toward a democratization of the political regime in these countries, outlawed and disbanded criminal state organizations and political parties, and imposed economic, political, military, and other obligations on Germany and Japan.

References in periodicals archive ?
Threatening to denounce dozens of targeted advertisers of WWFE as not being "family friendly" if they do not capitulate to his demands to withdraw support for WWF programming.
So upon boarding the team charter late Wednesday night, coach Phil Jackson had no choice but to capitulate to his players' desires.
The eagerly-awaited quarter-final saw Capriati capitulate 6-1 6-1 on Centre Court to Williams.
Lewsey said: "You either go home and capitulate, or it strengthens your resolve to do something about it.
Humphries figures Letterman's mother is worried that bachelor Letterman ``might capitulate to the charms of the Australian mega-star.
The Company's future results are dependent upon general economic conditions, the availability of supplies of fiberglass, the ability to expand current markets, competition in its own as well as competing product lines from both fiberglass and non-fiberglass suppliers, the stability of its customers' capitulate spending plans and the ability of the Company to obtain necessary capital from time to time.
It could hardly have expected the unions to capitulate without a fight.
Davis seemed to capitulate to the very real political volatility toward any proposals for more subways, or even light rail, across the San Fernando Valley.
The Company's future results are dependent upon general economic conditions, the availability of fiberglass, the ability to expand current markets, competition in its own as well as competing product lines from both fiberglass and non-fiberglass suppliers, the stability of its customers' capitulate spending plans and the ability of the Company to obtain necessary capital from time to time.
Milosevic is a master of brinkmanship and will capitulate only when he sees defeat staring him in the face.