Capitulation


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Capitulation

 

(1) The cessation of resistance by ground, air, and naval forces or part of them in theaters or other regions of military operations, fortresses, or fortified regions and inhabited localities or at sea or on naval bases and elsewhere upon conditions presented by the victor or agreed upon in negotiations between the commanders. Capitulation is, as a rule, accompanied by the surrender of all armament, military ships and aircraft, fortresses, fortified areas, and materiel to the enemy, while personnel become prisoners of the victor.

(2) In international law, the cessation of armed struggle and the surrender of the armed forces of a belligerent state. Capitulation, as a rule, involves the imposition of political, economic, military, and other obligations on the state that has capitulated.

An unconditional capitulation is usually signed if the armed forces have been completely routed and includes recognition of this fact by the defeated state and the surrender of all armed forces. The victorious state may temporarily assume supreme power and establish an occupation regime in the defeated state.

After the unconditional capitulation of Hitlerite Germany and Japan at the end of World War II (1939–5) the Allies, in accordance with special agreements such as the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945, carried out measures toward a democratization of the political regime in these countries, outlawed and disbanded criminal state organizations and political parties, and imposed economic, political, military, and other obligations on Germany and Japan.

References in periodicals archive ?
They deny that his statement stands for capitulation.
But Young is nevertheless at a loss to explain the abject nature of his side's capitulation.
England might be displeased with its capitulation in Perth, but the rest of the game will rejoice.
The cessation of plans to shrink Northern Rock is the first sign of capitulation by Brown, though he won't admit it.
Check out the case for capitulation at Fitz & Jen blog
After the break, it was oneway traffic, but the extent of City's capitulation would be concerning for whoever is in charge at the start of next season.
This bill is not a compromise but a full-fledged capitulation on the part of the legislative branch to executive claims of power," correctly observed the Washington Post in a July 15 editorial.
But the move seems an unnecessary capitulation, for Salle's mismatched juxtapositions looked like digitally collaged images all along, even before computerized cutting and pasting became so easy.
The move was "a great capitulation on the part of the Catholic church in the face of opposition to its pro-life, pro-family teaching," said Campaign Life Coalition president Jim Hughes, whose Quebec branch sponsored the event.
In the War of 1812, he captured the British frigate, HMS Macedonia; and in 1816 forced the capitulation of the Barbary States.
of Leiden) focuses on the perception, theory, and practice of the capitulatory system in the Ottoman legal system in the 18th century, warning that perceptions about the system found in Western sources must be treated with caution because bankruptcies of foreign merchants in the Ottoman Empire were handled in a way that did not necessarily conform to the theory of the capitulation or the perceptions of Western diplomats.