Capsule

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Related to capsula: capsula externa, capsula interna

capsule

1. a soluble case of gelatine enclosing a dose of medicine
2. a thin metal cap, seal, or cover, such as the foil covering the cork of a wine bottle
3. Botany
a. a dry fruit that liberates its seeds by splitting, as in the violet, or through pores, as in the poppy
b. the spore-producing organ of mosses and liverworts
4. Anatomy
a. a cartilaginous, fibrous, or membranous envelope surrounding any of certain organs or parts
b. a broad band of white fibres (internal capsule) near the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere
5. an aeroplane cockpit that can be ejected in a flight emergency, complete with crew, instruments, etc.

Capsule

 

in biology:

  1. In animals and man, the membrane surrounding various organs and their parts (for example, the kidney, liver, or joint capsules) and also pathological formations (parasites that have implanted themselves in tissue, necrotic masses, foreign bodies). A capsule is composed primarily of fibrous connective tissue and sometimes of adipose cellular tissue.
  2. The gelatinous layer around a cell characteristic of the capsulated bacteria, formed from macromolecular substances produced by these microorganisms[11–1083^]

Capsule

 

(1) A dry dehiscent fruit with many seeds (sometimes with one seed), formed of two or several carpels. Capsules dehisce by means of a lid (plantain, henbane), tiny holes (poppy, bellflower), denticles on top of the capsule (primrose, pinks), or longitudinal splits (valves) along the septum (tobacco, hellebore) or along the valves (tulip, lily, hyacinth).

(2) The spore-bearing part of the sporangium of mosses. These capsules are either cylindrical or spherical.

capsule

[′kap·səl]
(aerospace engineering)
A small, sealed, pressurized cabin with an internal environment that will support human or animal life during extremely high-altitude flight, space flight, or escape.
(engineering)
A boxlike component or unit, often sealed.
(anatomy)
A membranous structure enclosing a body part or organ.
(botany)
A closed structure bearing seeds or spores; it is dehiscent at maturity.
(microbiology)
A thick, mucous envelope, composed of polypeptide or carbohydrate, surrounding certain microorganisms.
(pharmacology)
A soluble shell in which drugs are enclosed for oral administration.
References in periodicals archive ?
lanceolata e capsula septifraga, cuja abertura se faz pela sutura carpelar, por meio de uma faixa de celulas parenquimaticas de tamanho reduzido, que se bifurca em direcao aos loculos no meio dos septos.
The new system, which consists of the FCR CAPSULA image scanner and the FCR CAPSULA VIEW image processor, digitizes images and instantaneously displays the captured images.
We found that 72 patients had documented signs of instability, including ligamentous injuries, fibrous capsule ruptures of C1-C2, or trauma to the dens-related capsula.
He continued: "The detection and visualisation of multiple foci throughout the prostate and capsula may enhance the staging of lesions and optimise treatment selection".
A dor articular ocorre por desequilibrio no complexo condilo/disco e estiramento severo da capsula causado por traumatismo ou infeccao (ASH et al.
El efecto del tamano de la capsula fue anulado en domos de dieta de 25-[micro]L y 50-[micro]L cuando la dieta fue suplementada con la adicion de proteina de huevos de E.
Este hombre habita una capsula temporal anclada en el pasado, una especie de museo donde lee periodicos viejos.
Histological examination demonstrated the presence of organized structures, including epithelia, capsula, smooth muscule, adipose tissue, hematogenic tissue, neural tubes and glandular epithelia.
Three-year maintenance type full risk of equipment for radiology and specifically Fuji: 2 Velocity systems, Console 9 IR 348 A2, 5 FCR Capsula XLII, 2 Profect CR IR 363.
Nessa composicao discursiva, a cena enunciativa mostra uma mulher, vestida de branco, que parece se equilibrar sobre uma capsula gigante de remedio convencional, figurativizando o encontro da medicina tradicional com a alternativa.