Capsule

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capsule

1. a soluble case of gelatine enclosing a dose of medicine
2. a thin metal cap, seal, or cover, such as the foil covering the cork of a wine bottle
3. Botany
a. a dry fruit that liberates its seeds by splitting, as in the violet, or through pores, as in the poppy
b. the spore-producing organ of mosses and liverworts
4. Anatomy
a. a cartilaginous, fibrous, or membranous envelope surrounding any of certain organs or parts
b. a broad band of white fibres (internal capsule) near the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere
5. an aeroplane cockpit that can be ejected in a flight emergency, complete with crew, instruments, etc.

Capsule

 

in biology:

  1. In animals and man, the membrane surrounding various organs and their parts (for example, the kidney, liver, or joint capsules) and also pathological formations (parasites that have implanted themselves in tissue, necrotic masses, foreign bodies). A capsule is composed primarily of fibrous connective tissue and sometimes of adipose cellular tissue.
  2. The gelatinous layer around a cell characteristic of the capsulated bacteria, formed from macromolecular substances produced by these microorganisms[11–1083^]

Capsule

 

(1) A dry dehiscent fruit with many seeds (sometimes with one seed), formed of two or several carpels. Capsules dehisce by means of a lid (plantain, henbane), tiny holes (poppy, bellflower), denticles on top of the capsule (primrose, pinks), or longitudinal splits (valves) along the septum (tobacco, hellebore) or along the valves (tulip, lily, hyacinth).

(2) The spore-bearing part of the sporangium of mosses. These capsules are either cylindrical or spherical.

capsule

[′kap·səl]
(aerospace engineering)
A small, sealed, pressurized cabin with an internal environment that will support human or animal life during extremely high-altitude flight, space flight, or escape.
(engineering)
A boxlike component or unit, often sealed.
(anatomy)
A membranous structure enclosing a body part or organ.
(botany)
A closed structure bearing seeds or spores; it is dehiscent at maturity.
(microbiology)
A thick, mucous envelope, composed of polypeptide or carbohydrate, surrounding certain microorganisms.
(pharmacology)
A soluble shell in which drugs are enclosed for oral administration.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comprehensive analysis of factors that drive and restrict the growth of the global capsule endoscopy market has been provided in the report
During the banding process, only banding agent #1 was applied at room temperature; the remaining banding solutions were applied to HPMC capsules at temperatures ranging from 50[degrees]-60[degrees]C.
Two days later, the capsule was passed; upon review of the capsule study, no significant pathology was demonstrated to further characterize the suspicious lesions previously noted on CT imaging.
MSV Strong Version soft gel capsules, ESV Extra Strong Version soft gel capsules and RL Rapid Loss soft gel capsules have not been assessed by the TGA for quality, safety or efficacy as required under Australian legislation, and the place of manufacture is not approved by the TGA.
At only a few hundred nanometers in diameter, the capsules are measured on another scale entirely, compared with previous results.
The next step, McQuade says, will be to start using the capsules in the synthesis of fluoxetine.
If taken by capsule, the correct dose of Kaletra is 3 capsules twice daily, for a total of 6 capsules a day.
But the application of Morishita's "miracell" capsules will make it possible for drug makers to speed up the chain reaction of the duplication of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), and with greater efficiency, the officials said.
Most of the time, we recommend that the capsule should come out as well, though there are certain circumstances where it does not need to be removed or only a portion can be removed.
LONDON, April 8, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Over the last decade, the empty capsules market is experiencing growth primarily due to the rising aging population and technological innovations in the empty capsules market.
Fortunately, new scientific discoveries in polymers and capsule manufacturing have resulted in the creation of the next generation of HPMC capsules--one that offers better performance and reduced development time compared to gelatin and first-generation HPMC capsules.