captain

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captain

1. the person in charge of and responsible for a vessel
2. the officer in command of a civil aircraft, usually the senior pilot
3. the leader of a team in games
4. US a policeman in charge of a precinct

Captain

 

an officer rank in the army of most states.

The rank (title) of captain appeared for the first time in France, where in the Middle Ages commanders of individual military districts were called captains. After 1558 company commanders were called captains, and higher commanders were called captain generals. In Russia the rank of captain appeared first in the 16th century as a title for foreign officers; in the 17th century it was applied to company commanders in the new type of regiments; in the early 18th century it was introduced throughout the whole regular Russian Army; in the cavalry (except in the dragoons) the rank of rotmistr corresponded to the rank of captain. From 1705 to 1798, there existed also the rank of lieutenant captain, which was later replaced by the rank of staff captain. In 1882 the rank of captain in the dragoon regiments and in the gendarmerie corps was replaced by the rank of rotmistr.

Captain is also an officer rank in the navies of most countries; some countries have the ranks of corvette captain, frigate captain, and captain of the ship. From the early 18th century the Russian Navy had the following captain’s ranks: commander (1707–32, 1751–64, and 1798–1827), captain of the ship (1701–13 and 1732–51), captain first and second class (1713–32 and 1751–1917), captain third class (1713–32), captain fourth class (1713–17), and lieutenant captain (1713–1884 and 1909–11).

In the Soviet armed forces in 1935 the military rank of captain was introduced in the ground forces and in the air force; in the same year the ranks of captain first, second, and third class and lieutenant captain were introduced in the navy.

What does it mean when you dream about a captain?

Captains in dreams often represent authority and decision makers. If one dreams about being a captain, one typically feels in charge (as in the “captain of our ship”).

References in classic literature ?
Ashton, with twenty-five men, pursued, and overtook the savages, and a smart fight ensued, which lasted two hours; but they being superior in number, obliged Captain Ashton's party to retreat, with the loss of eight killed, and four mortally wounded; their brave commander himself being numbered among the dead.
They were ancient sea -- captains, for the most part, who, after being tossed on every sea, and standing up sturdily against life's tempestuous blast, had finally drifted into this quiet nook, where, with little to disturb them, except the periodical terrors of a Presidential election, they one and all acquired a new lease of existence.
I was about observing, sir, before Captain Boomer's facetious interruption, that spite of my best and severest endeavors, the wound kept getting worse and worse; the truth was, sir, it was as ugly gaping wound as surgeon ever saw; more than two feet and several inches long.
The captain of the raft, who was as full of history as he could stick, said that in the Middle Ages a most prodigious fire-breathing dragon used to live in that region, and made more trouble than a tax-collector.
The captains hear, the soldiers stretch out their necks to listen.
They lived with him a month, sleeping with a dozen others, Swedes, negroes, Brazilians, on the floor of the two bare rooms in his house which he assigned to his charges; and every day they went with him to the Place Victor Gelu, whither came ships' captains in search of a man.
Besides, passengers get sea-sick --grow quarrelsome --don't sleep of nights --do not enjoy themselves much, as a general thing; --no, I never go as a passenger; nor, though I am something of a salt, do I ever go to sea as a Commodore, or a Captain, or a Cook.
My niece," said the captain, presenting Magdalen; "my niece on a visit to York.
IT was not very long after this that there occurred the first of the mysterious events that rid us at last of the captain, though not, as you will see, of his affairs.
I was preoccupied by the absence of the Captain during our sitting of the day before, and hoping to see him to-day.
Phileas Fogg wished to go to Liverpool, but the captain would not carry him there.
A winter camp in the wilderness Medley of trappers, hunters, and Indians Scarcity of game New arrangements in the camp Detachments sent to a distance Carelessness of the Indians when encamped Sickness among the Indians Excellent character of the Nez Perces The Captain's effort as a pacificator A Nez Perce's argument in favor of war Robberies, by the Black feet Long suffering of the Nez Perces A hunter's Elysium among the mountains More robberies The Captain preaches up a crusade The effect upon his hearers.