capture

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capture

1. Physics a process by which an atom, molecule, ion, or nucleus acquires an additional particle
2. Geography the process by which the headwaters of one river are diverted into another through erosion caused by the second river's tributaries
3. Computing the act or process of inserting or transferring data into a computer

capture

[′kap·chər]
(aerospace engineering)
The process in which a missile is taken under control by the guidance system.
(astrophysics)
Of a central force field, as of a planet, to overcome by gravitational force the velocity of a passing body and bring the body under the control of the central force field, in some cases absorbing its mass.
(geochemistry)
In a crystal structure, the substitution of a trace element for a lower-valence common element.
(hydrology)
The natural diversion of the headwaters of one stream into the channel of another stream having greater erosional activity and flowing at a lower level. Also known as piracy; river capture; river piracy; robbery; stream capture; stream piracy; stream robbery.
(physics)
A process in which an atomic or nuclear system acquires an additional particle; for example, the capture of electrons by positive ions, or capture of neutrons by nuclei.

capture

i. In flying aircraft, to control aircraft trajectory to intercept and then follow an external radio beam (as in ILS, or instrument landing system).
ii. To detect and lock onto a target by a radar.
iii. In flying, to reach a desired altitude or direction, especially using an autopilot or automatic flight control system.

capture

To acquire text, images, audio and video in their original format. Once captured in the computer, the data are typically edited and converted into another format. See frame grabber, video capture board and screen capture.
References in classic literature ?
It was at this identical spot that the unfortunate Andre was captured, and under the covert of those chestnuts and vines were the sturdy yeomen concealed who surprised him.
Little need, in presence of that tribunal and that auditory, to &how how the Defarges had not made the paper public, with the other captured Bastille memorials borne in procession, and had kept it, biding their time.
But my aunt, suddenly descrying among them the young malefactor who was the donkey's guardian, and who was one of the most inveterate offenders against her, though hardly in his teens, rushed out to the scene of action, pounced upon him, captured him, dragged him, with his jacket over his head, and his heels grinding the ground, into the garden, and, calling upon Janet to fetch the constables and justices, that he might be taken, tried, and executed on the spot, held him at bay there.
This I will say only: that Nada was captured by robbers, and for awhile passed herself off among them as a youth.
My delight was great on hearing this familiar speech, and I willingly satisfied their curiosity, telling them how I had been shipwrecked, and captured by the blacks.
So the old woman continued, 'The most beautiful woman in the whole world is the daughter of the Queen of the Flowers, who has been captured by a dragon.
He did not doubt the faith of Little John, but he was fearful lest a roving band of Foresters had captured him.
Yes," replied d'Albon, "he was captured by the Cossacks and kept for five years in Siberia; he recovered his liberty a few months ago.
Coming, as they did, over the soft and soundless moss, which covers practically the entire surface of Mars with the exception of the frozen areas at the poles and the scattered cultivated districts, they might have captured me easily, but their intentions were far more sinister.
She hugged Geeka closer to her breast and doubly regretted the knife that they had taken from her when she was captured by Kovudoo.